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INTRODUCTION: Practical strategies are needed to translate research knowledge between researchers and users into action. For effective translation to occur, researchers and users should partner during the research process, recognizing the impact that knowledge, when translated into practice, will ha...
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The authors propose a remediation process for nursing students at risk for clinical failure. The process is embedded within the context of clinical evaluation and includes the use of a learning contract as an integral component. The strengths and limits of the process and suggestions for further dev...
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Objective To assess food consumption among aboriginal children living on Mi’kmaq reserves in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Design Data were collected as part of a larger study of health perceptions and behaviors in Mi’kmaq children and youth ages 1 to 18 years. Food consumption was ass...
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This study described leadership systems of nurse managers and the relationship of nurse managers' leadership systems and quality of work life (QWL) outcomes of registered nurses. An adaptation of Harrison's (1987) systems based Model for Diagnosing Individual and Group Behavior was used to...
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the theory of planned behavior as a framework for understanding exercise intention and behavior in survivors of breast and prostate cancer. Participants were 83 survivors of breast and 46 survivors of prostate cancer who were diagnosed within the previous 4 ...
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Smoke Free Homes Committee, Prince Edward Island Tobacco Reduction Alliance
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Prince Edward Island experiences a higher-than-average death rate from cardiovascular disease. The Prince Edward Island Heart Health Program is a health promotion/disease prevention research project of Health Canada and the Prince Edward Island Department of Health and Social Services. This paper de...
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Evidence regarding the predictors of positive parenting behaviors in the early transition to parenting is inconsistent and limited. In this prospective, cohort study, we examined whether women's perceptions of their childbirth experience, as well as selected demographic, obstetrical, and psycho...
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Professional nurses are challenged by the increasing complexity of their own healthcare delivery systems and by the growing interconnectivity of healthcare systems worldwide. There are increasing calls for practice across boundaries; however, the role and scope of nursing practice within individual ...
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Primary health care has been espoused as the health care delivery model that is best suited for all. This unique campus project demonstrates a strategy that connects theory and practice when an integrated practice environment is not available.
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Objective: To determine the factors that predict women's perceptions of the childbirth experience and to examine whether these vary with the type of birth a woman experiences. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: The postpartum units of two eastern Canadian hospitals. Participants: Six hundred...
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This paper provides an overview of the Prince Edward Island Heart Health Program (PEIHHP) Dissemination Research Project. Prince Edward Island (PEI) is a small province in the Atlantic region of Canada with a population of 137,980. The Island's economy is dependent on the fishery, agriculture, ...
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Background: Parenting self-efficacy has been identified as one determinant of positive parenting. The literature is inconsistent regarding the predictors of parenting self-efficacy, and there is limited evidence regarding these predictors in the early postpartum period. Objectives: To determine the ...
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Despite the fact that 90% of cervical cancers can be prevented by regular Pap screening, many women are not screened regularly, particularly older women. To understand better the barriers to screening, the authors held five focus groups during April 2000 in Prince Edward Island (PEI), Canada. Of the...
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OBJECTIVE: To determine whether participants preferred a provider-completed or self-reported antenatal psychosocial health assessment (ALPHA) form, to evaluate the forms' effectiveness in facilitating disclosure of psychosocial issues, and to determine whether different providers gathered diffe...
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The philosophy of primary health care (PHC) recognizes that health is a product of individual, social, economic, and political factors and that people have a right and a duty, individually and collectively, to participate in the course of their own health. The majority of nursing models cast the cli...
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OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of an assessment tool for antenatal psychosocial risk factors associated with poor postpartum outcomes. METHODS: A survey of Ontario family physicians established a need for an antenatal psychosocial health assessment (ALPHA) form. A critical literature review ...
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This research involves transdisciplinary, participatory research to identify strategies, approaches, tools, and resources that promote effective knowledge translation related to health in the rural communities of Prince Edward Island (PEI). Partnerships established with six rural PEI communities ena...