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The author describes the effects on the prevalence of cattle trypanosomiasis of increasing cattle production in the sub-humid regions of southern Nigeria, and compares the results with infection levels in 1984 in northern Nigeria where Glossina and trypanosomiasis were being actively controlled. Inf...
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The applicability of counter-immunoelectrophoresis (CIE) as an assay technique for the detection of precipitating antibody to R. salmoninarum (BKD) in the serum of chinook salmon ( Oncorhynchus tshawytscha ) was explored. Soluble antigen preparations of R. salmoninarum were obtained by precipitatio...
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Piscine nodaviruses are frequently being reported from a variety of cultured and wild finfish. These pathogens are responsible for viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER), also known as viral nervous necrosis (VNN) or fish encephalitis. Recently, nodavirus infections have posed serious problems f...
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In the autumn of 2001, a self-administered mailed questionnaire was sent to fin fish recirculation facilities in the United States and Canada to examine the extent of biosecurity currently practiced in this sector of aquaculture. This paper describes the results of this survey (86% response rate). I...
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Project Loma is a multidisciplinary collaborative research programme aimed to develop the treatment and control of the microsporidian parasite Loma salmonae which is the cause of Microsporidial Gill Disease of Salmon (MGDS). Recent studies have shown that the principal host target, salmonids within ...
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In Argentina, especially in San Matias Gulf, oyster culture is a recent activity. Culture of native flat oyster, Ostrea puelchana (d'Orbigny, 1842), was particularly promising until an abnormal mortality occurred in 1996. Preliminary diagnosis, based on histology, revealed the presence of Bonamia-li...
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'Winter ulcer disease' is a problem in seawater salmonid aquaculture in Norway, Iceland and Scotland. The disease is associated with low water temperatures (<6-8 degree C) and is characterized by shallow ulcers on scale covered tissue that may progressively deepen and penetrate muscular layers. M...
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Chloramine-T is a commonly used therapeutic agent for the treatment of bacterial gill disease and related phenomena in the salmonid aquaculture industry. There is little known about its effects on healthy fish. Using a 24-tank replicate growth assay system, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) (avera...
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Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV), a member of the family Orthomyxoviridae, is an important fish pathogen in marine aquaculture in the Northern Hemisphere. The pathogenesis of ISAV infection at the cellular level is not well studied. We investigated three permissive cell lines for ISAV, (SHK-1,...
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Diseases are an integral part of the existence of all animals including both cultured and wild fish populations. Diseases among cultured fish can cause death, poor growth and food conversion, increased production costs and interrupted production schedules. The main objective of this study was to con...