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During a 19-month period, the agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test was used as an aid in differential diagnosis of paratuberculosis in 51 cattle with a history of chronic weight loss and/or chronic diarrhea. Thirty-three cattle were AGID test-positive for paratuberculosis. Twenty-eight cattle (87.5%...
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The effects of the following six treatments against Loma salmonae, a microsporidian gill pathogen, were examined in rainbow trout: fumagillin (high dose), pyrimethamine + sulphaquinoxaline, albendazole, amprolium, fumagillin (low dose), and metronidazole. The fish were infected by mouth and the trea...
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Moritella viscosa is the causative agent of winter ulcer disease in salmonids reared in North-Atlantic countries. In this study the effects of selected M. viscosa antigens on cytotoxicity and pro-inflammatory gene expression in an Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar Linnaeus) macrophage-like cell line (SHK...
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The presence of dendritic cells in fish is studied with immunohistochemistry using a commercially available antibody developed against Langerin/CD207 present in human Langerhans cells. Langerin/CD207, a protein known to be associated with the development of Birbeck granules in human and murine syste...
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Four hundred eighty mature marine mussels (Mytilus edulis) were collected in late April from a mussel lease in an estuary in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Squash preparations made of reproductive gland (mantle) tissue of each mussel were stained with Wright-Giemsa stain and were examined by one inve...
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The induction of protection against xenoma development by vaccinated (previously exposed to a low-virulence strain of Loma salmonae; n=40) and naive (n=40) rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) challenged with the virulent typical strain of L. salmonae, was determined. Prevalence of infection was lowe...
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One of the major target organs of hydrogen sulphide gas is the lung. Exfoliation of upper respiratory epithelia and pulmonary edema are prominent effects. Various neuropeptides contained in afferent C-fibres are intimately associated with the epithelia of the conducting airways and are liberated upo...
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The Canadian lobster industry holds lobsters Homarus americanus in captivity for various periods to supply markets with live product year-round. Mortality during holding results in considerable losses, estimated at 10 to 15 % yr(-1) by the industry. This study examined the prevalence of Anophryoides...
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Improved rates of in vitro excystation of sporozoites from sporocysts of Sarcocystis capracanis, Sarcocystis cruzi, and Sarcocystis tenella were obtained by pretreating sporocysts with an aqueous sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution followed by incubation in excysting fluid (EF). After pretreatment ...
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Four strains of staphylococci of different phage patterns (two principal and two minor phage types) associated with naturally occurring tenosynovitis were studied for virulence in chickens and tropism for tendon tissue. There were significant differences in virulence between the principal and minor ...
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Three, 5 or 7 days after inoculation with bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) virus (n = 12) or Mycoplasma bovis (n = 12), groups of calves were exposed to aerosols of Pasteurella haemolytica and were euthanatized 44 hours later. Histologic lesions in the lungs and the ratios of neutrophils to alveolar macr...
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A study was undertaken to determine the blood chemical variables and compare changes that occurred with ruptured bladders and ruptured urethras in steers and yearling bulls. The fatality rates were 10.5% in steers with ruptured urethras and 50.8% in steers with ruptured bladders. Both groups had sig...
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Since its first description, the paramyxean parasite Marteilia refringens has been recognized as a significant pathogen of bivalve mollusks. The existence of a complex life cycle was postulated by many authors. Here we report the development of DNA-based detection assays as powerful tools to elucida...
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In a previous investigation of the rDNA region in Tetrahymena pyriformis mitochondrial DNA, we identified a putative tRNA(Met) gene [Heinonen et al. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 2879-2887]. On the basis of Northern hybridization analyses, we suggested that this gene is expressed, even though the resul...
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This note discusses the correction made by Sheridan to the formula used for predicting changes in fish size on the basis of selection differentials for a correlated trait [Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences (1996) 53 (4) 933]. It draws attention to the fact that, to predict the direc...
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Two hundred and eleven of 4404 (4.8%) crows (Corvus brachyrhynchos) collected in the winters of 1976-77 and 1977-78 in Essex County, southwestern Ontario, were infected with Diplotriaena tricuspis (Fedtschenko, 1874) Henry and Ozoux, 1909. Prevalence of potentially patent infections was only 2.6%, h...
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An indirect haemagglutination test (IHA) and ELISA technique were developed to detect antibodies against Eimeria tenella. The ELISA technique was relatively easy to perform, more sensitive than the IHA test, and needed only a fraction of the antigen required for IHA. The highest titers using ELISA w...
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The site of development, survival of larvae, and reaction to the presence of Physaloptera maxillaris [a nematode parasite of the skunk Mephitis mephitis that has arthropod intermediate hosts] are described in Gryllus pennsylvanicus Burm. (Acheta pennsylvanicus) and Blattella germanica (L.) from obse...