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101 - 125 of 1614
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In a comparison of 2 formalin killed vaccines, SHAWOGEN using an isolate (AVC U-13220) of Vibrio anguillarum (serotype 2) isolated from cod, and a commercial vaccine (VIBROGEN-2) prepared from 3 isolates (2 V. anguillarum, and V. ordalii) the vaccines were given i.p. with mild anaesthesia, by sprayi...
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Effective methods of traceability are urgently required for use in research as well as in different types of aquaculture operations and to control trade in aquatic animals and products. In regard to the marking of fish, many different tagging methods have been described and the method to be used dep...
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The effects of the following six treatments against Loma salmonae, a microsporidian gill pathogen, were examined in rainbow trout: fumagillin (high dose), pyrimethamine + sulphaquinoxaline, albendazole, amprolium, fumagillin (low dose), and metronidazole. The fish were infected by mouth and the trea...
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Serum antibody titers to bovine respiratory syncytial virus were determined for 559 cattle. Serum samples were obtained through the Minnesota State-Federal Brucellosis Laboratory and were collected over a 1-year period. Results of this study revealed an antibody prevalence of 65.5% to bovine respira...
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The general objective of this study was to evaluate a crude Ostertagia ostertagi antigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for monitoring gastrointestinal parasites in lactating dairy cattle. A longitudinal study of gastrointestinal parasites in lactating dairy cows was carried out in 38 her...
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During a 19-month period, the agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test was used as an aid in differential diagnosis of paratuberculosis in 51 cattle with a history of chronic weight loss and/or chronic diarrhea. Thirty-three cattle were AGID test-positive for paratuberculosis. Twenty-eight cattle (87.5%...
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Four hundred eighty mature marine mussels (Mytilus edulis) were collected in late April from a mussel lease in an estuary in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Squash preparations made of reproductive gland (mantle) tissue of each mussel were stained with Wright-Giemsa stain and were examined by one inve...
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The induction of protection against xenoma development by vaccinated (previously exposed to a low-virulence strain of Loma salmonae; n=40) and naive (n=40) rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) challenged with the virulent typical strain of L. salmonae, was determined. Prevalence of infection was lowe...
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One of the major target organs of hydrogen sulphide gas is the lung. Exfoliation of upper respiratory epithelia and pulmonary edema are prominent effects. Various neuropeptides contained in afferent C-fibres are intimately associated with the epithelia of the conducting airways and are liberated upo...
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Four strains of staphylococci of different phage patterns (two principal and two minor phage types) associated with naturally occurring tenosynovitis were studied for virulence in chickens and tropism for tendon tissue. There were significant differences in virulence between the principal and minor ...
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The Canadian lobster industry holds lobsters Homarus americanus in captivity for various periods to supply markets with live product year-round. Mortality during holding results in considerable losses, estimated at 10 to 15 % yr(-1) by the industry. This study examined the prevalence of Anophryoides...
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Improved rates of in vitro excystation of sporozoites from sporocysts of Sarcocystis capracanis, Sarcocystis cruzi, and Sarcocystis tenella were obtained by pretreating sporocysts with an aqueous sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution followed by incubation in excysting fluid (EF). After pretreatment ...
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A study was undertaken to determine the blood chemical variables and compare changes that occurred with ruptured bladders and ruptured urethras in steers and yearling bulls. The fatality rates were 10.5% in steers with ruptured urethras and 50.8% in steers with ruptured bladders. Both groups had sig...
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Three, 5 or 7 days after inoculation with bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) virus (n = 12) or Mycoplasma bovis (n = 12), groups of calves were exposed to aerosols of Pasteurella haemolytica and were euthanatized 44 hours later. Histologic lesions in the lungs and the ratios of neutrophils to alveolar macr...
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This note discusses the correction made by Sheridan to the formula used for predicting changes in fish size on the basis of selection differentials for a correlated trait [Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences (1996) 53 (4) 933]. It draws attention to the fact that, to predict the direc...
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Milbemycin oxime was used to treat dogs with natural infections of the fox lungworm, Crenosoma vulpis and the French heartworm, Angiostrongylus vasorum. Crenosomosis was identified in 42 of 202 dogs with clinical signs of coughing, dyspnoea or exercise intolerance by a Baermann analysis of faecal sa...
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In a previous investigation of the rDNA region in Tetrahymena pyriformis mitochondrial DNA, we identified a putative tRNA(Met) gene [Heinonen et al. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 2879-2887]. On the basis of Northern hybridization analyses, we suggested that this gene is expressed, even though the resul...
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Since its first description, the paramyxean parasite Marteilia refringens has been recognized as a significant pathogen of bivalve mollusks. The existence of a complex life cycle was postulated by many authors. Here we report the development of DNA-based detection assays as powerful tools to elucida...
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