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Monte Carlo computer simulations were used to investigate the phase behaviour of a Lebwohl-Lasher binary liquid-crystal mixture. A finite-size scaling analysis confirmed the first-order nature of the transition. The calculated nematic-isotopic phase coexistence region and the orientational order par...
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Structural studies of conventionally solidified Al80-2xPd20CrxFex alloys have shown that the formation of a well ordered icosahedral phase occurs for a composition where the free-electron Fermi sphere is coincident with the first pseudo-Brillouin zone boundary. This condition indicates the importanc...
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We present a new approach to the analysis of radiance in turbid media. The approach combines data from spectral, angular and spatial domains in a form of spectro-angular maps. Mapping provides a unique way to visualize details of light distribution in turbid media and allows tracking changes with di...
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Interstitial fiber-optic based strategies for therapy monitoring and assessment rely on detecting treatment-induced changes in the light distribution in biological tissues. We present an optical technique to identify spectrally and spatially specific tissue chromophores in highly scattering turbid m...
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Amorphous alloys of the composition Al65Gd15Cu20 and Al1Gd1Fe1 have been prepared by rapid quenching from the melt. The alloys have been studied by X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis and SQUID magnetization methods. Thermal analysis results show crystallization temperatures of 647 and 945 K for Al-...
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A general framework for performing event-driven simulations of systems with semiflexible or rigid bodies interacting under impulsive forces is outlined. The method consists of specifying a means of computing the free evolution of constrained motion, evaluating the times at which interactions occur, ...
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Photoacoustic (more precisely, photothermoacoustic) signals generated by the absorption of photons can be related to the incident laser fluence rate. The dependence of frequency domain photoacoustic (FD-PA) signals on the optical absorption coefficient (mu(a)) and the effective attenuation coefficie...
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In situ Doppler-broadening temperature scans and room temperature positron-lifetime measurements are reported for Al63CU25Fe12, Al62.5CU25Fe12.5, Al62CU25.5Fe12.5, and Al62Cu22.8Fe15.2 face-centered-icosahedral (FCI) quasicrystalline samples. Quenched-in disorder has been observed and found to annea...
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Oxides of the type La1.85Sr0.15Cu(1-x)V(x)O4-partial were prepared with vanadium contents, x, ranging from 0 to 0.10 in increments of 0.01. Vanadium entered into solid solution in the tetragonal K-phase structure at concentrations up to x = 0.05. Further additions of vanadium resulted in the formati...
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In an effort to understand dynamic optical changes during laser interstitial thermal therapy ( LITT), we utilize the perturbative solution of the diffusion equation in heterogeneous media to formulate scattering weight functions for cylindrical line sources. The analysis explicitly shows how changes...
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Monte Carlo simulations were used to study orientational ordering of solutes in a nematic phase. Nematogens were modelled as hard prolate ellipsoids with an axis ratio of 5:1. Solutes were also modelled as hard prolate ellipsoids, with a variety of sizes and shape anisotropies. Solute order paramete...
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Positron annihilation spectroscopy has been used to study silicon nitride films grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition and annealed at different temperatures. For both silicon-rich and nitrogen-rich films, the positron line shape (S) parameter increases after annealing for 15 min at temp...
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This paper examines some of the basic properties of a model Langmuir monolayer, consisting of surfactant molecules deposited onto a water subphase. The surfactants are modeled as rigid rods composed of a head and tail segment of diameters sigma (hh) and sigma (tt), respectively. The tails consist of...
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A sensor has been developed to monitor objects passing through tunnels using a capacitance bridge. While the sensor concept is easily adaptable to a wide range of objects or organisms which pass through an enclosed area, our version of the sensor was designed specifically for monitoring bumblebee co...
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