Results

1 - 25 of 109
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Recent studies have indicated that ghrelin stimulates growth hormone release from the pituitary via the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR). We have previously isolated two GHSR subtypes from the pituitary of the black seabream Acanthopagrus schlegeli. In the present study, we have cloned an...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Hyperproinsulinemia is observed in type 2 diabetic patients. We hypothesized that the induction of uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) would impair processing of proinsulin to mature insulin and potentially contribute to hyperproinsulinemia, based on the evidence that hormone processing is an ATP-dependent ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
We hypothesized that the loss of glucose homeostasis in ob/ob mice is associated with upregulation of islet uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) expression, leading to impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). Changes in glucose homeostasis in lean and ob/ob mice from 5 to 16 weeks were assessed ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Antiquitin (ALDH7) is a member of the aldehyde dehydrogenase superfamily. In plants, ALDH7 is inducible upon dehydration and is thus believed to possess an osmoregulatory role. On the other hand, however, its exact physiological function in animals remains elusive. We herein report the isolation of ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
: BACKGROUND: The weather may be a barrier to physical activity but objective assessment of this hypothesis is lacking. Therefore we evaluated the effect of temperature, rain or snow, and wind speed on the daily physical activity of adults. METHODS: This report contains data from 25 males (BMI (mean...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
UCPs (uncoupling proteins) can regulate cellular ATP production by uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation. UCP2 is expressed in islet beta-cells and its induction reduces glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Under physiological conditions, superoxide, formed as a by-product of respiration, activates ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Although insulin resistance induces compensatory increases in beta cell mass and function to maintain normoglycaemia, it is not clear whether insulin resistance can precipitate beta cell dysfunction and hyperglycaemia without a pre-existing beta cell susceptibility. We therefore exa...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The anterior pituitary is made up of a number of cell types that are essential for such physiological processes as growth, development, homeostasis, metabolism, and reproduction. These include the hormonal cells corticotropes, thyrotropes, gonadotropes, somatotropes, lactotropes and a small populati...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Visinin-like protein-1 (VILIP-1) is a member of the neuronal Ca2+ sensor protein family that modulates Ca2+-dependent cell signaling events. VILIP-1, which is expressed primarily in the brain, increases cAMP formation in neural cells by modulating adenylyl cyclase, but its functional role in other t...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The antioxidant compound alpha-lipoic acid (alpha-LA) possesses antidiabetic and anti-obesity properties. In the hypothalamus, alpha-LA suppresses appetite and prevents obesity by inhibiting AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Given the therapeutic potential of alpha-LA for the tre...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The dimerization properties of the ghrelin receptor (GRLN-R) and its non-signalling, naturally occurring, truncated splice variant (GHS-R1b) have been investigated in human embryonic kidney 293 cells heterologously expressing these proteins. Using the techniques of bioluminescence resonance energy t...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
We investigated whether an increase in cAMP could normalize glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) overexpressing (ucp2-OE) beta-cells. Indices of beta-cell (beta-TC-6f7 cells and rodent islets) function were measured after induction of ucp2, in the presence or ab...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
In addition to regulating growth hormone release from the pituitary, ghrelin receptors also influence cell proliferation and apoptosis. By studying mitogen-activated protein kinase activity in human embryonic kidney 293 cells over-expressing ghrelin receptors, we aimed to identify the specific cell ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Two genomic contigs of putative growth hormone receptors (GHRs) were identified in fugu and zebrafish genomes by in silico analysis, suggesting the presence of two GHR subtypes in a single teleost species. We have tested this hypothesis by cloning the full-length cDNA sequence of a second GHR subtyp...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Subsequent to our earlier report on the first purification of antiquitin protein from seabream liver and demonstration of its enzymatic activity [FEBS Letters 516 (2002) 183-186], we report herein the cloning of its full-length cDNA sequence. The open reading frame encodes a protein of 511 amino aci...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The insulin receptor (IR) and its signaling appear to be essential for insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells. However, much less is known about the role of the IR in alpha-cells. To assess the role of the IR in glucagon and insulin secretion, we engineered adeno-viruses for high efficiency sm...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Oxidative stress and mitochondrial oxidative damage have been implicated in the etiology of numerous common diseases. The critical mitochondrial events responsible for oxidative stress-mediated cell death (toxic oxidative stress), however, have yet to be defined. Several oxidative events implicated ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
BACKGROUND: Optimal pancreatic beta-cell function is essential for the regulation of glucose homeostasis in both humans and animals and its impairment leads to the development of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a polygenic disease aggravated by environmental factors such as low physical activity or a h...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), which contributes substantially to the regulation of normal mitochondrial metabolism, also plays a crucial role in the initiation of cell death. It is known that MPT is regulated in a tissue-specific manner. The importance of MPT in the pancreatic beta-ce...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Ghrelin, the recently discovered endogenous ligand for growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR), is widely expressed and involved in regulating diverse physiological functions in addition to stimulation of growth hormone (GH) secretion. Previous studies have demonstrated the functional significan...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Oligonucleotide microarrays were used to define oleic acid (OA)-regulated gene expression and proteomic technology to screen protein kinases in MIN6 insulinoma cells. The effects of oxidative stress caused by OA and potential protective effects of N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), a scavenger of reactive o...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
We have recently cloned the full-length cDNAs of the two growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR) subtypes from a teleost species, the black seabream (Acanthopagrus schlegeli) [Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. 214 (2004) 81], namely sbGHSR-1a and sbGHSR-1b. Functional expression of these two receptor const...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]