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Sturgeon aquaculture has increased considerably worldwide but little is known about their immunological development and competence in early life stages. Culture of larvae is one of the most critical stages in intensive sturgeon farming, often associated with high mortality rates. The objective of th...
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Sturgeon are harvested worldwide for their meat and eggs, sold as caviar and are among the most economically important fish species worldwide. A generally low physiological response to external stimuli/stressors has been documented in these phylogenetically primitive species. Considering how little ...
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SOXC transcription factors are key transcriptional regulators that have been shown to control self-renewal and differentiation in tissues during development in vivo, but have not been studied in the mammalian kidney. Our lab has previously demonstrated that all three members of the SoxC genes family...
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Objective: To compare the efficacy of osteoprogenitors in fibrin glue to fibrin glue alone in bone healing of surgically induced ostectomies of the fourth metacarpal bones in an equine model. Study Design: Experimental. Animals: Adult horses (n=10). Methods: Segmental ostectomies of the 4th metacarp...
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Pond-reared channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus with proliferative gill disease (PGD), caused by the myxozoan parasite Henneguya spp., were examined with light and transmission electron microscopy to better characterize the inflammatory response during infection. The early stages of disease are char...
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The ontogeny and disease responses of Langerhans-like cells within lymphoid tissues of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, and rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, were investigated. These cells were studied in situ with the use of two markers: the ultrastructural presence of Birbeck-like granules and immu...
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Lampreys are a group of aquatic chordates whose relationships to hagfishes and jawed vertebrates are still debated. Lamprey embryology is of interest to evolutionary biologists because it may shed light on vertebrate origins. For this and other reasons, lamprey embryology has been extensively resear...
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We studied the morphology and occurrence of splenic Langerhans-like (LL) cells in species representing 11 orders of ray-finned fishes, Actinopterygii. LL cells were frequent in spleen tissue of species among Cypriniformes, Esociformes, Salmoniformes, and Pleuronectiformes. These cells contained gran...
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The presence of dendritic cells in fish is studied with immunohistochemistry using a commercially available antibody developed against Langerin/CD207 present in human Langerhans cells. Langerin/CD207, a protein known to be associated with the development of Birbeck granules in human and murine syste...
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Infection of rainbow smelt Osmerus mordax with the microsporidian Glugea hertwigi was diagnosed for the first time in Prince Edward Island, Canada. The prevalence of infection was 24%, 45 infected out of 187 examined fish captured in February and March 2009. Both large and small xenomas of G. hertwi...
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The presence of dendritic cells in fish is studied with immunohistochemistry using a commercially available antibody developed against Langerin/CD207 present in human Langerhans cells. Langerin/CD207, a protein known to be associated with the development of Birbeck granules in human and murine syste...
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BACKGROUND: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a critical determinant of beta-cell insulin secretion in response to glucose. BHE/cdb rats have a mutation in ATP synthase that limits ATP production, yet develop mild diabetes only with ageing. We investigated the cellular basis for reduced insulin secret...
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The effects of dexamethasone (dex) treatment on infections with the microsporidian parasite, Loma salmonae and the effects of dex on initiation of the adaptive immune response were investigated in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss experimentally infected with the parasite. Dex treatment resulted in...
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BACKGROUND: Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus (ISAV), which causes ISA in marine-farmed Atlantic salmon, is an orthomyxovirus belonging to the genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae. ISAV agglutinates erythrocytes of several fish species and it is generally accepted that the ISAV receptor destr...
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SUMMARYSome members of the ABC-transporter superfamily, such as P-glycoprotein and the multidrug resistance associated protein, may confer resistance to the avermectin subclass of macrocyclic lactones. The aim of this study was to examine the presence of ABC transporters in both sea lice (Lepeophthe...
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This report is the first morphological description of cells that resemble dendritic cells, which appear to form resident populations within the spleen and anterior kidney of fish. Based on examination of three salmonid species, including, rainbow trout, brook trout, and Atlantic salmon, the cells we...
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Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus (ISAV) is a fish orthomyxovirus that has recently been assigned to the new genus Isavirus within the family Orthomyxoviridae. It possesses the major functional characteristics of the virus family including haemagglutinating, receptor destroying enzyme (RDE), and...
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The sequence of host changes following the rupture of spore-laden xenomas of the microsporidian Loma salmonae during Microsporidial Gill Disease of Salmon was deduced from ultrastructural examination of the gills of naturally infected, moribund, chinook salmon from a commercial aquaculture site. The...
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Gills from Atlantic salmon with experimentally induced amoebic gill disease (Neoparamoeba spp.) were examined with transmission electron microscopy to assess pathology and host-cell responses. Amoebae were found either on the surface epithelium or with pseudopodia extending deeply into invaginations...
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The purpose of this study was to determine adequate dose ranges and to test for side effects associated with chronic treatment of fish with indomethacin. Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss were orally treated with indomethacin at various nominal concentrations: a negative control (0 mg/kg) and...
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In two variants of Loma salmonae that have specificity for rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (OA variant) and specificity to brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis (SV variant), the parasitophorous vacuole forms at the onset of sporogony. In the OA variant the merogonial stage is bound by a single plasma...
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Bone cell cultures were evaluated to determine if osteogenic cell populations at different skeletal sites in the horse are heterogeneous. Osteogenic cells were isolated from cortical and cancellous bone in vitro by an explant culture method. Subcultured cells were induced to differentiate into bone-...
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Marfan syndrome, a connective tissue disorder affecting the cardiovascular system, is caused by mutations of fibrillin-based microfibrils. These mutations often affect the calcium-binding domains, resulting in structural changes to the proteins. It is hypothesized that these Ca+2 binding sites regul...