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Tonality induction (TI) is the natural outcome of acoustic redundancies in music and the predisposition of the brain to represent these redundancies.
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Tested 104 infants (aged 7-11 mo) for their detection of a frequency relational change of 1 semitone in a 5-note melody.
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61 Ss (aged 16-38 yrs) with a wide range of formal music training were presented with ascending and descending C major scales, each followed by a single probe tone drawn from the 13-note chromatic scale. Ss were asked to decide whether the fit of the probe to the preceding context was good or poor.
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Measured and compared accuracy of recognition for short (3-note) transposed melodic sequences with accuracy predicted by 3 models of recognition, each of which described a different degree of abstraction and synthesis of the musical intervals contained in the sequence.
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Advocates that a framework for exploring the psychological effects of musical soundtracks (MSTs) should focus on meaning, structure, memory, awareness, and experimental aesthetics. MSTs concern 2 art forms (music and cinema) and 2 sensory modalities (auditory and visual). As such, they touch many as...
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Studied performance on a direct distance estimation task in a large, complex environment as a function of variation in some members of the set of test locations. 36 1st-yr and 36 4th-yr undergraduates were asked to estimate distances for 7 sites in a campus building and to describe the strategies th...
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Discusses the use of the 68040-based NeXT computer system for studies of auditory sequencing in which Ss track the time of occurrence of a sequence of tones, using a mouse that controls the position of sliders represented on the computer screen. The computer produces random orders of stimulus sequen...
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Investigated the effects of musical soundtracks on 25 undergraduates' attitudes toward figures in a short animated film. In a preliminary study and in the main experiment, Ss saw the film accompanied by 1 of 2 soundtracks or with no soundtrack, or heard 1 of the 2 soundtracks alone. In the main...
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Reviews the significance of acoustics in environmental design, noting that research on the office environment reveals that acoustics is a primary source of dissatisfaction. Problems of the hearing impaired are discussed, and design suggestions are offered. The significance of acoustic images, memori...