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A study was undertaken to determine the blood chemical variables and compare changes that occurred with ruptured bladders and ruptured urethras in steers and yearling bulls. The fatality rates were 10.5% in steers with ruptured urethras and 50.8% in steers with ruptured bladders. Both groups had sig...
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Electrolyte and urea levels of vitreous humor collected from bovine eyes at various times postmortem, were compared with serum levels in the same animals. Provided the vitreous humor was filtered immediately after collection, measured levels of total calcium (Ca), potassium ions (K+), sodium ions (N...
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The complexity and uncertainty of diagnostic information makes the diagnostic process difficult to learn, teach, and practice. Fuzzy logic methods, used successfully with complex industrial control problems, may be appropriate to model the range of uncertainties found in medical diagnostic informati...
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Changes in hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues of young Swiss mice fed a balanced semipurified diet containing T-2 toxin (20 ppm) were examined after one, two, three, four or six weeks. During the first three weeks of exposure of T-2 toxin, lymphoid tissues, bone marrow and splenic red pulp became hy...
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The life cycle of Eimeria falciformis var. pragensis, established from a single oocyst, is described in experimentally infected mice (Mus musculus). The coccidium had a prepatent period of 7 days and a patent period of 10--16 days. Oocysts were spherical to ellipsoidal in shape and measured 21.2 x 1...
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Enterotoxigenic colibacillosis was experimentally produced in four colostrum-deprived calves given 10(10) Escherichia coli strain 210 (serotype 09+:K30+:K99-:F41-:H-) orally and the histopathological changes compared to those seen in colostrum-fed calves infected in an earlier study with strain B44 ...
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Several antibody preparations were tested for their ability to reduce adsorption of Vibrio cholerae to isolated intestinal epithelial cells, and this ability was related to agglutination and protective activity in infant mice. The results demonstrate that (1) the reduction in adsorption of V. choler...
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Various hypotheses have been proposed for the pathogenesis of the neurological signs associated with bovine enteric coccidiosis. We undertook a prospective study of cases of bovine enteric coccidiosis with and without nervous signs to test the validity of these hypotheses and explore other possible ...
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A laboratory quality assurance (QA) program can minimize errors and provide confidence in the validity of laboratory test results. The structure of a QA program varies somewhat among laboratories but usually requires addressing a QA manual, QA goals, quality of resources, standard operating procedur...
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The immunogenicity of the different stages of Eimeria falciformis var. pragensis was evaluated with the indirect fluorescent antibody reaction. Sporozoites, mature asexual stages and merozoites treated with sera from immune mice and with fluorescein-conjugated goat anti-mouse gammaglobulin showed th...
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The microhematocrit heat-precipitation methods of Millar et al (1971) and Schalm et al (1975) were compared with the reference clottable protein method of Ratnoff and Menzie (1951) in the measurement of plasma fibrinogen concentration in horses. The millar et al method was more precise and accurate ...
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Mice immunized with infections of 500, 5,000, or 20,000 oocysts of E. falciformis var. pragensis were reinfected with 20,000 and 100,000 oocysts at 20 and 38 days, respectively, after the initial infection. After the first challenge infection, none of the immunized mice showed clinical signs of cocc...
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A rapid radioimmunoassay method for detecting plasma cortisol was evaluated and the results found to be accurate, precise and reproducible. Sample storage and preparation were examined; refrigeration and delayed serum separation decreased the cortisol concentration but freezing for up to six months ...
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Predisposing causes of bovine post-parturient hemoglobinuria are summarized along with suspected pathogeneses, clinical signs, laboratory findings, clinical management and early experimentation.
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By using pigs sensitized to bovine serum albumin (BSA), it was found that exposure of the intestinal mucosa to BSA induced, in 4 h, the emigration of large numbers of neutrophils into the intestinal lumen. This response was specific for the immunizing antigen and could be transferred to nonimmune an...
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Reported are the results of preliminary attempts to characterize the molecular weight, heat sensitivity and other features of a labile neurotoxin identified in the serum of calves exhibiting neurological signs in association with coccidial enteritis. The labile neurotoxin activity is heat labile (60...
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Fatal myopathy similar to "capture myopathy" described for African game was diagnosed in a wild white-tailed deer. Clinical signs included depression, inability to rise or stand, and myoglobinuria. Values for serum creatine phosphokinase, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, and blood urea n...
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Zinc absorption from a test dose of (65Zn) zinc chloride was increased in mice with a high capacity to absorb iron induced by a low-iron diet. When radiolabelled zinc chloride in concentrations varying from 0.025 to 0.30 mM was perfused through open-ended duodenal loops of mice fed this diet, the pr...
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Cold-agglutinin hemolytic anemia in a dog was manifested by weakness, progressive hemolytic anemia, hematuria, and hemoglobinuria. Corticosteroid therapy failed to alleviate the anemia. The condition became complicated by Haemobartonella canis infection berminally. Prominent postmortem findings incl...
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A computer-based fuzzy systems approach to diagnosis was compared with a standard rule-based approach for ability to diagnose 1 or more of 14 diseases in postpartum cows. A comparison between the 2 systems, using the same 12 input variables (clinical signs and laboratory measurements), resulted in 9...
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Groups of Swiss white mice weighing 25-28 grams were infected orally with 500, 2,000, 5,000 or 20,000 oocysts of Eimeria falciformis var pragensis. Depression, anorexia, weight loss, diarrhea or dysentery, and dehydration were most pronounced at eight to ten days postinfection. The highest mortality...
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In order to test the hypothesis that treatment with glucocorticoids causes pancreatitis in dogs, 18 mongrel dogs were divided into three groups of six individuals, each group receiving prednisone at different doses orally or intramuscularly for two weeks. Two groups consisting of six dogs each serve...
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A trimethoprim-sulfonamide combination was administered to dogs for eight weeks at the therapeutic dose rate (15 mg/kg twice daily) and at three times the therapeutic dose rate (recommended maximum duration of therapy is two weeks). The lower dose produced no adverse effects, but the high dose cause...
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Enterotoxigenic colibacillosis was experimentally produced in 8 of 9 colostrum-fed calves orally given 10(11) Escherichia coli. The eight calves developed profuse diarrhea accompanied by dehydration and depression. At 12 hours after exposure, all calves were euthanatized for necropsy and for collect...
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Intestinal function was assessed in cannulated loops of porcine proximal jejunum during immune-mediated emigration of neutrophils into the intestine. Net water, net sodium, net chloride, undirectional sodium and unidirectional chloride fluxes were measured before and after intestinal exposure to an ...
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Mouse inoculation was used to test for the presence of a toxin in the serum, cerebrospinal fluid, and intestinal contents collected from cases of bovine enteric coccidiosis, with and without neurological signs, and from control calves. Intravenous inoculation of mice with 10 mL/kg of serum from calv...
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Intestinal loops, ligated in colostrum-deprived calves were used to compare the virulence of four isolates of bovine rotavirus. Histopathological studies were carried out on infected and control loops and measurements of villous length, crypt depth, villus:crypt ratio and crypt mitotic index were re...
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Two methods for detecting feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) antigen in peripheral blood were compared in 128 cats: immunofluorescence assay (IF) and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Both healthy cats and cats with a variety of diseases, including lymphosarcoma and myeloproliferative disorde...
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The effects of oral and parenteral immunization on phagocytosis of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli by neutrophils in the intestinal lumen were studied in weanling pigs. Phagocytosis was assessed with the light and electron microscope on samples of fluid from ligated intestinal loops four hours aft...
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Glucocorticoid treatment in dogs is known to cause hepatocellular swelling due to accumulation of cytoplasmic compounds which variably have been identified histochemically as fat, glycogen, or water. In the present study changes in dog liver, after treatment for 15 days with two different doses of o...
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Athymic (nude) mice, their normal littermates, and Swiss white mice were infected with 750 oocysts of Eimeria falciformis var. pragensis and reinfected twice with 20,000 oocysts, 20 and 40 days after the primary infection. The prepatent and patent periods of the primary infection were similar in eac...
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In ligated intestinal loops of actively immunized adult mice, growth of V. cholerae 569B was suppressed approximately seven fold when compared to bacterial growth in non-immune animals. Similarly, growth of V. cholerae 569B was reduced in mice immunized with a hybrid vibrio strain, NCV569B-165, whic...
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This study was carried out to determine the diagnostic usefulness of postmortem eyefluid analysis in estimating antemortem concentrations of serochemical constituents. A total of 31 cattle, 18 dogs and 22 cats were selected from routine elective euthanasia submissions to a diagnostic laboratory. For...
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A malignant neoplastic process originating from gall bladder epithelium was diagnosed in a 14-year-old, spayed female, domestic shorthair cat. The tumor produced widespread pulmonary and lymphatic metastases. The clinical and pathological manifestations are described. Neoplasia arising from the gall...