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Enterotoxigenic colibacillosis was experimentally produced in four colostrum-deprived calves given 10(10) Escherichia coli strain 210 (serotype 09+:K30+:K99-:F41-:H-) orally and the histopathological changes compared to those seen in colostrum-fed calves infected in an earlier study with strain B44 ...
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A rapid radioimmunoassay method for detecting plasma cortisol was evaluated and the results found to be accurate, precise and reproducible. Sample storage and preparation were examined; refrigeration and delayed serum separation decreased the cortisol concentration but freezing for up to six months ...
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Several antibody preparations were tested for their ability to reduce adsorption of Vibrio cholerae to isolated intestinal epithelial cells, and this ability was related to agglutination and protective activity in infant mice. The results demonstrate that (1) the reduction in adsorption of V. choler...
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A study was undertaken to determine the blood chemical variables and compare changes that occurred with ruptured bladders and ruptured urethras in steers and yearling bulls. The fatality rates were 10.5% in steers with ruptured urethras and 50.8% in steers with ruptured bladders. Both groups had sig...
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Predisposing causes of bovine post-parturient hemoglobinuria are summarized along with suspected pathogeneses, clinical signs, laboratory findings, clinical management and early experimentation.
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Reported are the results of preliminary attempts to characterize the molecular weight, heat sensitivity and other features of a labile neurotoxin identified in the serum of calves exhibiting neurological signs in association with coccidial enteritis. The labile neurotoxin activity is heat labile (60...
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A malignant neoplastic process originating from gall bladder epithelium was diagnosed in a 14-year-old, spayed female, domestic shorthair cat. The tumor produced widespread pulmonary and lymphatic metastases. The clinical and pathological manifestations are described. Neoplasia arising from the gall...
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Cold-agglutinin hemolytic anemia in a dog was manifested by weakness, progressive hemolytic anemia, hematuria, and hemoglobinuria. Corticosteroid therapy failed to alleviate the anemia. The condition became complicated by Haemobartonella canis infection berminally. Prominent postmortem findings incl...
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Intestinal loops, ligated in colostrum-deprived calves were used to compare the virulence of four isolates of bovine rotavirus. Histopathological studies were carried out on infected and control loops and measurements of villous length, crypt depth, villus:crypt ratio and crypt mitotic index were re...
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Two methods for detecting feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) antigen in peripheral blood were compared in 128 cats: immunofluorescence assay (IF) and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Both healthy cats and cats with a variety of diseases, including lymphosarcoma and myeloproliferative disorde...
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The microhematocrit heat-precipitation methods of Millar et al (1971) and Schalm et al (1975) were compared with the reference clottable protein method of Ratnoff and Menzie (1951) in the measurement of plasma fibrinogen concentration in horses. The millar et al method was more precise and accurate ...
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Mice immunized with infections of 500, 5,000, or 20,000 oocysts of E. falciformis var. pragensis were reinfected with 20,000 and 100,000 oocysts at 20 and 38 days, respectively, after the initial infection. After the first challenge infection, none of the immunized mice showed clinical signs of cocc...
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Intestinal function was assessed in cannulated loops of porcine proximal jejunum during immune-mediated emigration of neutrophils into the intestine. Net water, net sodium, net chloride, undirectional sodium and unidirectional chloride fluxes were measured before and after intestinal exposure to an ...
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Enterotoxigenic colibacillosis was experimentally produced in 8 of 9 colostrum-fed calves orally given 10(11) Escherichia coli. The eight calves developed profuse diarrhea accompanied by dehydration and depression. At 12 hours after exposure, all calves were euthanatized for necropsy and for collect...
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Electrolyte and urea levels of vitreous humor collected from bovine eyes at various times postmortem, were compared with serum levels in the same animals. Provided the vitreous humor was filtered immediately after collection, measured levels of total calcium (Ca), potassium ions (K+), sodium ions (N...
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A computer-based fuzzy systems approach to diagnosis was compared with a standard rule-based approach for ability to diagnose 1 or more of 14 diseases in postpartum cows. A comparison between the 2 systems, using the same 12 input variables (clinical signs and laboratory measurements), resulted in 9...
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By using pigs sensitized to bovine serum albumin (BSA), it was found that exposure of the intestinal mucosa to BSA induced, in 4 h, the emigration of large numbers of neutrophils into the intestinal lumen. This response was specific for the immunizing antigen and could be transferred to nonimmune an...
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The immunogenicity of the different stages of Eimeria falciformis var. pragensis was evaluated with the indirect fluorescent antibody reaction. Sporozoites, mature asexual stages and merozoites treated with sera from immune mice and with fluorescein-conjugated goat anti-mouse gammaglobulin showed th...
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Mouse inoculation was used to test for the presence of a toxin in the serum, cerebrospinal fluid, and intestinal contents collected from cases of bovine enteric coccidiosis, with and without neurological signs, and from control calves. Intravenous inoculation of mice with 10 mL/kg of serum from calv...
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The complexity and uncertainty of diagnostic information makes the diagnostic process difficult to learn, teach, and practice. Fuzzy logic methods, used successfully with complex industrial control problems, may be appropriate to model the range of uncertainties found in medical diagnostic informati...
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Fatal myopathy similar to "capture myopathy" described for African game was diagnosed in a wild white-tailed deer. Clinical signs included depression, inability to rise or stand, and myoglobinuria. Values for serum creatine phosphokinase, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, and blood urea n...