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The purpose of this paper is to look specifically at workgroup boards to identify their motivations and challenges, and to develop recommendations on how to address those challenges. Workgroup boards are volunteer boards that have to both govern and manage because they do not have paid executive sta...
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Objective: The immediate and long-term effects of traumatic exposure and subsequent posttraumatic stress reactions in people in high-risk occupations are well-documented. What is less evident is the impact of this traumatic exposure and subsequent traumatic stress symptoms on workers' response to ac...
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Research has increasingly identified alarming levels of traumatic stress symptoms in individuals working in emergency services and other high stress jobs. This study examined the effects of prior critical incident exposure and current posttraumatic symptoms on the performance of a non-patient popula...
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Discusses challenges and limitations inherent in applying meta-analytic methods both to summarize the personality-job performance research literature and to make inferences of validity generalization from the cumulated research. This chapter also explores some of the contributions that have been mad...
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Social comparison theory (Festinger, 1954) implies that it may be more efficacious for job performance raters to compare an employee to other employees rather than to use typical "absolute" rating standards. We assessed whether the incorporation of social comparisons into performance appraisals, usi...
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Tourism can provide social and economic benefits for Aboriginal people. This market research investigated the potential for Aboriginal Tourism opportunities, particularly basket weaving, on Prince Edward Island (PEI). Members (N=7,366) of the Traveller‟s Voice panel, maintained by the University o...
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Emergency personnel consistently work under high-stress situations, and thus, the question about whether this stress affects performance is critical to the safety of both themselves and the public. However, considerable controversy exists about the influence of stress on performance. This study inve...
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This study investigated the relationship between coping styles and police recruits' stress responses and performance during a stressful event and the relationship between coping styles and traumatic symptoms. Recruits participated in a simulated stressful policing situation and were scored by e...
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Candidate perceptions of test fairness have significant consequences for organizations. However, little attention has been directed toward interventions that may promote favorable reactions, despite recognition that the identification of such management practices is important. The current study inve...
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Although personality assessment has proven utility in pre-employment testing, little is known about how one should choose the personality traits that are most job-related. We developed a Personality-oriented Job Analysis (POJA) process for choosing job-related personality traits. We evaluated this p...
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Halo error, although traditionally viewed as being detrimental to the quality of social cognition, has been purported to have potentially beneficial effects in some situations.
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Performance appraisal information is often used for employee feedback and development. Research has found that assessments that are global (i.e., based on broad aspects of performance) and comparative (i.e., explicit interratee comparisons) may be most accurate in terms of Cronbach's (1955) dif...
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Employee reactions to promotional examinations were investigated in 2 studies (N = 498 & 182, respectively) of police officers. Anxiety, motivation, and justice perceptions were examined as possible predictors of promotional exam performance and intentions to recommend the exam to others. Reactions ...
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With an increasing number of post-secondary courses now maintaining a web presence, students are able to view course material from anywhere and at any time. While students generally prefer to access and submit material online, they also prefer to print what they are accessing for study purposes. ...
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Subjective ratings of job performance can have serious consequences for individuals, organizations, and the scientific understanding of organizational behaviour. Therefore, greater understanding of idiosyncratic rating tendencies is important. The present research investigated rater personality in t...
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The present study was conducted to examine employee perceptions of and recommendations for improving employee engagement in the workplace. Using one-on-one interviews the author set out to examine and explore how employees in one industrial location perceived employee engagement and what, in the emp...
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The authors offer a Canadian perspective on the recommendations outlined in the article "Educating Industrial-Organizational Psychologists for Science and Practice: Where Do We Go From Here?" by Zinta S. Byrne and colleagues. They offer views on issues related to industrial-organizational (I-O) psyc...
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Four Seasons Hotels management proclaims an over-arching philosophy of the “Golden Rule” as part of their corporate strategy. Given this forthright perspective, the firm is likely to value Honesty-Humility within their management team, and this doctrine is expected to be sustained and visible ac...
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Mental health has been a hot topic in the media, with campaigns such as Bell’s “Let’s Talk” generating hundreds of millions of twitter impressions and high profile leaders such as Senator Romeo Delaire speaking publically about their experiences. Mental health issues in the workplace have be...
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The sabbatical is a long-established tradition in academic settings, but it has become more common-place as an employment benefit in the private sector. With today’s workforce facing mounting responsibilities at work and at home, and under increasing pressure to perform with fewer resources and se...
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The purpose of this systematic review was to identify and examine the 21st century literature on stress-related outcomes of downsizing. Our objective was to answer the research question: What are the stress-related outcomes of downsizing in the workplace? A transparent method of identifying literatu...
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Educators have begun developing courses and curricula to help managers cultivate an evidence-based mindset and acquire relevant knowledge and skills. This chapter describes what three evidence-based management (EBMgt) educators have learned in the process of creating relevant courses and curricula. ...
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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the Sport PEI Active Start program and measure the combined and separate value of training and resourcing early childhood educators. Methods: Early childhood education centres (n=8) were assigned within four different interventions o...