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Immunological (ovalbumin) and non-immunological (calcium ionophore A23187) stimulation of guinea pig trachea induces a prolonged contraction that is enhanced by indomethacin (8.5 microM) and inhibited by nordihydroguaiaretic acid (50 microM) pretreatment of the tissue. The mediator released by the a...
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Antigen challenge in vivo of rat peritoneal cells (enriched with monocytes and polymorphonuclear leucocytes) passively sensitized 2 h previously with homologous antibody of the IgGa class released large amounts of slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A, 1739 +/- 59 u/ml) into the peritoneal f...
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The role of prostaglandins (PG) in the pulmonary hypertension associated with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) was investigated in 7 pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs. The magnitude and time course of the mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) changes induced by HFOV (20 Hz) was quantified ...
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A ninhydrin positive compound (L2) now identified as 2-amino-5-(N-ethylcarboxyamido)-pentanoic acid, from unprocessed tea leaves was a potent inhibitor of thrombin-stimulated thromboxane formation in rabbit whole blood (Ali and Afzal; Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Medicine, 27: 9, 1987). In the p...
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Mediators and mechanisms responsible for the inhibitory modulation of trout intestinal smooth muscle were examined using a series of putative mediators and substances known to modulate neurotransmission in mammalian systems. Frequency response relationships to transmural stimulation and concentratio...
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Ovalbumin (OA) and the calcium ionophore A23187 induced a dose-dependent contraction of guinea pig tracheal strips. The OA-induced contraction (of sensitized trachea) consisted of an initial peak concentration, maximal between 5 and 10 min, followed by a very gradual decline from the peak. On the ot...
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Spirally cut tracheae from actively sensitized guinea pigs were challenged with antigen in the presence and absence of indomethacin. In the absence of indomethacin, the SRS-A antagonist FPL55712, added 30 min before challenge had no effect on antigen-induced contraction (ATC) when added in concentra...
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6th Annual APICS Aquaculture Conf., Fredericton, NB., March 9
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1 Slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A) was released in the peritoneum of passively sensitized rats challenged with ovalbumin and from rat isolated peritoneal cells stimulated with calcium ionophore A23187. 2 Both monocytes (macrophages) and mast cells appear to be involved in the synthesis...
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Extreme acid-base imbalances in salmonids affect gastrointestinal motility. Changes in pH are known to affect cardiac and skeletal muscle in fish and mammalian intestinal smooth muscle preparations. This study was conducted to determine if the contractility of rainbow trout intestinal muscle was sen...
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The immunological release of slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A) from bovine lung is modulated by several autonomic and autacoid agents. Isoproterenol, a beta-adrenergic agonist, inhibited release of SRS-A, as did cyclic AMP. Phenylephrine also inhibited SRS-A release but through alpha-ad...
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Both antigen- and calcium ionophore A23187-induced airways contractions are dependent on increased concentrations of free intracellular calcium. Antigen, but not A23187, contracted airways in the absence of extracellular calcium, suggesting that antigen-induced airways contraction was partly depende...
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Both antigen- and calcium ionophore A23187-induced airways contractions are dependent on increased concentrations of intracellular calcium. Challenge of isolated tracheal spirals and parenchymal strips from sensitized guinea pigs with antigen or calcium ionophore A23187 in the presence of the intrac...