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The effect of the macrocyclic host compounds cucurbit[n]urils (Qn), with n = 5 - 7, on the fluorescence of the biologically active compound curcumin has been studied. Curcumin, the main constituent of the Indian spice turmeric, is of growing interest because of its wide-ranging pharmaceutical proper...
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Various methods for the enhancement of the fluorescence of the pesticide azinphos-methyl are reported. The addition of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin was found to moderately enhance the fluorescence by a factor of three, presumably via inclusion of the pesticide into the cyclodextrin cavity. This c...
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Single-electron oxidation of the known Cr(II) bis(amidinate) Cr[(Me3SiN)2CPh]2 (1) provides synthetic access to neutral Cr(III) complexes. The complexes Cr[(Me3SiN)2CPh]2X were prepared by reaction of 1 with AgO2CPh (X = O2CPh, 2), of 1 with iodine in THF (X = I/THF, 3), or of 1 with iodine in penta...
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Abstract: Laser flash photolysis with time-resolved infrared detection of transients (LFP-TRIR) has been used to study the IR spectroscopy and reactivity of a number of substituted ketenes, prepared by the 308-nm photolysis of -diazocarbonyl precursors in acetonitrile solution at room temperature. T...
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Abstract: The molecular-recognition properties of the cucurbit[6]uril analogue (1) in aqueous buffer (sodium acetate, 50 mM, pH 4.74, 25 C) toward a variety of guests including alkanediamines (6-12), aromatics (14-32), amino acids (33-36), and nucleobases (37-42) were studied by fluorescence spectro...
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The reactivity of the azidyl radical (N-3(.)) With olefins has been studied in acetonitrile solution using time-resolved UV-vis and infrared (TRIR) laser flash photolysis techniques. Azidyl radicals, formed by electron transfer from azide to excited state ketones, combine with excess azide in aceton...
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Fluorescence enhancement of a probe molecule in solution by the container molecule cucurbituril (CB) is reported for the first time. The fluorescence of the probe 2-anilinonaphthalene-6-sulfonate (2,6-ANS) in aqueous Na2SO4 solution is found to increase by a maximum factor of 5.0 upon addition of cu...
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The fluorescence enhancement of the probe molecule 1-anilino-8-naphthalenesulfonate (ANS) by a number of modified beta-cyclodextrins has been studied. Alkyl-and hydroxyalkyl-substituted beta-cyclodextrins show significantly greater enhancement of ANS fluorescence than does the parent unmodified beta...
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The lifetimes of the S1 states of azulene, azulene-d8, 4,6,8-trimethylazulene, and guaiazulene (1,4-dimethyl-7-isopropylazulene) have been measured in three nonviscous solvents of different polarity and structure using a two-photon, two-color, pump-probe method with subpicosecond time resolution. A ...
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Addition of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin to o-phthalaldehyde (OPA)-amino acid-thiol reaction mixtures is shown to cause significant enhancement of the fluorescence of the isoindole product for a wide range of amino acids, with the largest effects observed in the cases of glycine and lysine. The l...
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Semianalytic perturbative approaches for investigating the spectroscopy, and the underlying dynamics, associated with fast time-resolved, two-photon, two-color, pump-probe, low intensity laser-molecule interactions are developed and discussed. In particular the perturbation theory is developed with ...
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Abstract: This paper describes the host properties of a new cucurbit[6]uril analogue, studied by fluorescence and 1H NMR spectroscopy. This host has an elongated cavity with oval-shaped portals. It is intrinsically fluorescent, and more importantly, this fluorescence is sensitive to guest encapsulat...
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The fluorescent molecules 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonate (1,8-ANS) and 2-anilinonaphthalene-6-sulfonate (2,6-ANS) are extremely sensitive to the polarity of their local environment, making them excellent probes for the study of heterogeneous systems, including cyclodextrin (CD) solutions. Both are...
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The fluorescence intensity of 7- methoxycoumarin (7MC) in aqueous solution is found to significantly decrease upon addition of various cyclodextrins. This observed phenomenon is described as fluorescence suppression, to distinguish it from fluorescence reduction via bimolecular quenching. The decrea...
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The S1 population decay times of azulene and 4,6,8-trimethylazulene have been measured in solvents with a wide range of viscosities using a two-photon, two-color, pump-probe method. The S, lifetimes vary as expected on the basis of the energy gap law. No effect of solvent viscosity is observed, cont...
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