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The effect of the macrocyclic host compounds cucurbit[n]urils (Qn), with n = 5 - 7, on the fluorescence of the biologically active compound curcumin has been studied. Curcumin, the main constituent of the Indian spice turmeric, is of growing interest because of its wide-ranging pharmaceutical proper...
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Various methods for the enhancement of the fluorescence of the pesticide azinphos-methyl are reported. The addition of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin was found to moderately enhance the fluorescence by a factor of three, presumably via inclusion of the pesticide into the cyclodextrin cavity. This c...
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Single-electron oxidation of the known Cr(II) bis(amidinate) Cr[(Me3SiN)2CPh]2 (1) provides synthetic access to neutral Cr(III) complexes. The complexes Cr[(Me3SiN)2CPh]2X were prepared by reaction of 1 with AgO2CPh (X = O2CPh, 2), of 1 with iodine in THF (X = I/THF, 3), or of 1 with iodine in penta...
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Abstract: Laser flash photolysis with time-resolved infrared detection of transients (LFP-TRIR) has been used to study the IR spectroscopy and reactivity of a number of substituted ketenes, prepared by the 308-nm photolysis of -diazocarbonyl precursors in acetonitrile solution at room temperature. T...
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Abstract: The molecular-recognition properties of the cucurbit[6]uril analogue (1) in aqueous buffer (sodium acetate, 50 mM, pH 4.74, 25 C) toward a variety of guests including alkanediamines (6-12), aromatics (14-32), amino acids (33-36), and nucleobases (37-42) were studied by fluorescence spectro...
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The reactivity of the azidyl radical (N-3(.)) With olefins has been studied in acetonitrile solution using time-resolved UV-vis and infrared (TRIR) laser flash photolysis techniques. Azidyl radicals, formed by electron transfer from azide to excited state ketones, combine with excess azide in aceton...
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Fluorescence enhancement of a probe molecule in solution by the container molecule cucurbituril (CB) is reported for the first time. The fluorescence of the probe 2-anilinonaphthalene-6-sulfonate (2,6-ANS) in aqueous Na2SO4 solution is found to increase by a maximum factor of 5.0 upon addition of cu...
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The fluorescence enhancement of the probe molecule 1-anilino-8-naphthalenesulfonate (ANS) by a number of modified beta-cyclodextrins has been studied. Alkyl-and hydroxyalkyl-substituted beta-cyclodextrins show significantly greater enhancement of ANS fluorescence than does the parent unmodified beta...
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The lifetimes of the S1 states of azulene, azulene-d8, 4,6,8-trimethylazulene, and guaiazulene (1,4-dimethyl-7-isopropylazulene) have been measured in three nonviscous solvents of different polarity and structure using a two-photon, two-color, pump-probe method with subpicosecond time resolution. A ...
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Addition of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin to o-phthalaldehyde (OPA)-amino acid-thiol reaction mixtures is shown to cause significant enhancement of the fluorescence of the isoindole product for a wide range of amino acids, with the largest effects observed in the cases of glycine and lysine. The l...
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Semianalytic perturbative approaches for investigating the spectroscopy, and the underlying dynamics, associated with fast time-resolved, two-photon, two-color, pump-probe, low intensity laser-molecule interactions are developed and discussed. In particular the perturbation theory is developed with ...
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Abstract: This paper describes the host properties of a new cucurbit[6]uril analogue, studied by fluorescence and 1H NMR spectroscopy. This host has an elongated cavity with oval-shaped portals. It is intrinsically fluorescent, and more importantly, this fluorescence is sensitive to guest encapsulat...
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The fluorescent molecules 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonate (1,8-ANS) and 2-anilinonaphthalene-6-sulfonate (2,6-ANS) are extremely sensitive to the polarity of their local environment, making them excellent probes for the study of heterogeneous systems, including cyclodextrin (CD) solutions. Both are...
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