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In North America, there are few representative data about the effects of management practices on equine welfare. In a randomized survey of 312 nonracing horses in Prince Edward Island (response rate 68.4%), owners completed a pretested questionnaire and a veterinarian examined each horse. Regression...
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An equine abuse policy was developed as an adjunct to an equine management survey. If at least 3 of 5 categories caused concern, a report to the authorities was indicated. The policy was not used but, in the absence of other guidelines, it might assist veterinarians considering potential abuse cases...
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There are no detailed, representative, horse-level data about equine management practices in different parts of Canada. To help address this, the demographics, management, and welfare of 312 nonracing horses in Prince Edward Island were examined in a randomized, horse-level survey during summer 2002...
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate use of infrared spectroscopy for diagnosis of traumatic arthritis in horses. ANIMALS: 48 horses with traumatic arthritis and 5 clinically and radiographically normal horses. PROCEDURES: Synovial fluid samples were collected from 77 joints in 48 horses with traumatic arthritis....
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A stallion presenting for surgical correction of an acquired inguinal hernia was also diagnosed with a nephrosplenic entrapment (NSE) intraoperatively. Surgical intervention resulted in a successful outcome. To date, these conditions have not been reported to occur simultaneously.
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Measurement of systemic immunoglobulin (Ig) concentrations in horses and camelids is important for early and accurate diagnosis of immunodeficiencies in order to provide proper medical intervention. As a consequence, there is a demand for up-to-date, economic, rapid and precise diagnostic assays for...
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One of the major limitations of the use of optoacoustics (OA) for the imaging of prostate cancer is the relatively low resolution when performed in real time. The work presented in this thesis aims to address this limitation by applying frequency-based analyses, which contribute additional informati...
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Bilateral hypoplasia of the soft palate and aspiration pneumonia occurred in a Standardbred foal. The filly was presented with a history of illthrift, dyspnoea, coughing and bilateral nasal discharge. Abnormal sounds (crackels and wheezes) were auscultated over all lung fields and the cervical trach...
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A 4.5-kg urachal abscess involving the umbilical arteries was diagnosed in a 12-week-old Holstein heifer. The urinary bladder wall was adhered to the mass, and there were multiple adhesions of the jejunum, which were associated with incomplete extra-mural obstruction. Adhesiolysis was completed. One...
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The clinical, radiographic and post-mortem findings in 6 horses with cryptococcal pneumonia and one horse with an abdominal cryptococcal granuloma are described. In pulmonary cryptococcosis, the lesions were either diffuse and multiple, with bilateral lung involvement, or localised mainly to the dor...
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OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of different commercial nutrient media and sera on protein synthesis and maintenance of cellular density in cultures of the equine superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT). ANIMALS: 8 healthy 2- to 4-year-old horses. PROCEDURE: First Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medi...
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OBJECTIVE: To determine concentrations of tritiated polysulfated glycosaminoglycans (3H-PSGAG) in serum, urine, and the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) of rabbits after IM administration and molecular weight of 3H-PSGAG recovered from the SDFT. ANIMALS: Twenty-five 12-week-old New Zealand W...
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Lymphatic abnormalities resulting in chylous effusion into a body cavity are uncommon in domestic animals. In a 6-day-old calf admitted to our hospital because of failure to suckle and abdominal distention, however, mesenteric lymphangiography revealed an obstruction of lymphatic flow. Laparoscopic ...
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This report describes previously unreported upper airway abnormalities encountered in a 5-month-old American miniature horse colt presented for elective surgery. Caution should be exercised when administering general anesthesia or heavy sedation to individuals of this breed that present with multipl...
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The clinical features, radiographic findings, treatment, and outcome in 51 draft horses with osteochondritis dessicans (OCD) or subchondral cystic lesions (SC) are reported. Clydesdale and Percheron were the most commonly affected breeds, and affected animals represented only 5% of the hospital popu...
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A fusion defect of the proximal and middle phalanges of both hindlimbs, osteochondrosis dissecans of the distal interphalangeal joints of the forelimbs, and subluxation of all 4 distal interphalangeal joints occurred in a Standardbred filly. Lameness was the first abnormality noted and was observed ...