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Effective methods of traceability are urgently required for use in research as well as in different types of aquaculture operations and to control trade in aquatic animals and products. In regard to the marking of fish, many different tagging methods have been described and the method to be used dep...
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Since its first description, the paramyxean parasite Marteilia refringens has been recognized as a significant pathogen of bivalve mollusks. The existence of a complex life cycle was postulated by many authors. Here we report the development of DNA-based detection assays as powerful tools to elucida...
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The protozoan parasite Perkinsus atlanticus (Azevedo, 1989) causes severe losses among cultured clams, Ruditapes decussatus. This parasite is routinely diagnosed by means of histology or incubation of gills in fluid thioglycollate medium. However, in order to develop models of experimental reproduct...
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The development of molecular diagnostic assays with increased sensitivity compared with conventional histological techniques is highly desirable for effective management of bonamiosis in cultured oyster stocks and wild populations. A real-time TaqMan PCR assay was developed for the specific detectio...
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The French mollusc production is mainly based on the Pacific cupped oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Since 1991, outbreaks of mass mortality of juveniles are reported during the summer period. These outbreaks are a major concern of oyster industry. Several studies have established given bacterial strains ...
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One of limiting factors in shrimp culture is the mortality at the larval stage. Often bacterial diseases are suspected to be the origin of this damage. This work concerns the study of relations between microorganisms (bacteria and Vibrio) and peneids. Observations induced a new approach to bacteriol...
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Microcell-type parasites of oysters are associated with a complex of diseases in different oyster species around the world. The etiological agents are protists of very small size that are very difficult to characterize taxonomically. Associated lesions may vary according to the host species, and the...
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A nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been developed for the diagnosis of Marteilia refringens in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from Galicia (NW Spain). Specific primers were used in two consecutive amplification reactions, that were able to detect 15 fg of Marteilia DNA. The nested PCR...
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The French mollusc production is mainly based on the Pacific cupped oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Since 1991, outbreaks of mass mortality of juveniles are reported during the summer period. These outbreaks are a major concern of oyster industry. Several studies have established given bacterial strains ...
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Primers and DNA probes designed for use in the specific detection of the paramyxean parasites Marteilia sydneyi and Marteilia refringens were tested for their potential to cross-react with closely related species in Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and in situ hybridization. PCR primers and a DNA pro...
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Since 1993, significant mortality outbreaks of Penaeus stylirostris usually during winter, have been reported from grow out ponds in New Caledonia. During the mortality peaks in 1994 and 1995, moribund and apparently healthy shrimps were collected from all New Caledonian farms for bacteriological an...
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In 1999, the world aquaculture production of molluscs was estimated at 9.4 million tonnes which represents approximately a 23% contribution to the global aquaculture production. Aquaculture of molluscs has been growing at an average annual rate of 11% over the past decades, although some activities ...
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In 2004, epizootiological studies were conducted on mass mortalities of tunicates Halocynthia roretzi in Goje, Korea. The clinical characteristics of infected H. roretzi were weakness of the tunic, loss of elasticity, and finally death involving a rupture of the tunic. Histological studies revealed ...
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An ultrastructural study was carried out on Mikrocytos mackini, the cause of Denman Island disease in Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas in western Canada. Three forms were identified, quiescent cells (QC), vesicular cells (VC) and endosomal cells (EC). QC occurred in the vesicular connective tissue ...
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Disseminated neoplasia (DN) is a disorder referred to as hemic neoplasia (HN) in the soft-shell clam Mya arenaria. Traditionally, diagnosis is performed by hematocytology or histology. The intensity of the disease is generally given as the percentage of transformed neoplastic cells Out of total numb...
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A parasite of the dredge oyster Ostrea chilensis Philippi, previously known as Bonamia sp., was recently described and named Bonamia exitiosus, based on ultrastructural and molecular evidence. The rules governing the names of organisms require correspondence of gender, and the name must be changed f...
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Marteiliosis is a disease of molluscs caused by Marteilia refringens in Europe and M. sydneyi in Australia. During routine examination of cultured mussels Mytilus galloprovinciallis in the northern Adriatic, the occurrence of Marteilia sp. was recorded with a prevalence of 5%. This parasite was not ...
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The flat oyster Ostrea chilensis is susceptible to infection with two microcells, Bonamia exitiosa and Bonamia ostreae. A haemocytic parasite very similar to Bonamia species has been previously reported in two of 167 Chilean oysters sampled from Chiloe Island in 1996-1997. In order to characterise t...
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The molecular mechanisms by which haemocytes of clams are transformed in the course of haemic neoplasia remain by far unknown. The aim of this study was to quantify the expression of p53/p73 and mortalin genes, in relation with the ploidy status of clam haemocytes and to correlate the p53 expression...
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An in situ hybridisation technique has been developed for the detection of infection in oysters with Marteilia refringens with particular emphasis on light infections or confirmation of suspected cases by means of histology. Although validation of new diagnostic methods is usually achieved by compar...
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Since its first description, the paramyxean parasite Marteilia refringens (Grizel et al.) has been recognised as a significant pathogen of the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis L. The existence of a complex life-cycle involving several hosts was postulated early on by many authors, although it rema...
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Viral gametocytic hypertrophy was reported for the first time in 2001 in Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas in France. Since this date, the number of reported cases and the distribution area have increased every year; however, the cases are not associated with macroscopic signs or increased mortality ...