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Staphylococcus aureus is the most prevalent pathogen causing intramammary infections (IMI) in dairy cattle worldwide. New treatment regimens have been evaluated to increase cure rates. A systematic review was conducted to answer this question: what is the best antibiotic treatment for S aureus IMI o...
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The primary method of spread for S agalactiae and S aureus is from cow to cow, so prevention focuses on within and between herd biosecurity to reduce or eliminate the reservoir of infection. S agalactiae is an obligate pathogen of the mammary gland, whereas S aureus is more widespread on other cow b...
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The objective of this study was to assess the use of GnRH in a controlled breeding program (7 d prior to the second of two injections of PGF2 alpha, 14 d apart) as a means to improve the expression and detection of estrus, first service conception rate, and overall pregnancy rate of lactating dairy ...
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The objective ofthis study was to evaluate the efficacy of intramammary tilmicosin, administered at drying-off, for eliminating Staphylococcus aureus infection, and to identify risk factors for S. aureus cure during the dry period. A total of 219 naturally infected cows, representing 308 quarters, w...
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An acute onset of illness was reported in a lactating dairy herd in Canada in which monensin had been incorporated in error in its ration at almost 10 times the prescribed level. All of the lactating cows became lethargic, were inappetant, developed diarrhea, and had decreased milk production from 2...
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Our objective was to describe cow and quarter-level factors associated with drying-off, and to evaluate their impacts on new intramammary infections (IMI) during the dry period. Data from 300 cows in five research herds were collected starting 2 weeks prior to scheduled drying-off. Variables of inte...
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Although there is increasing concern over routine administration of long-acting antibiotics to all cows at the end of lactation, the practice is required to eliminate subclinical infections that are present at drying off. Alternatives to dry cow therapy (DCT) for preventing new infections from occur...
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Effective aids to decision-making for clinical mastitis therapy are reviewed..
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A total of 1317 Holstein cows from 45 farms in the Canadian provinces of Quebec, Prince Edward Island (PEI) and Ontario, Canada were enrolled in a randomized trial between 1998 and 1999 to further confirm the efficacy of a monensin controlled release capsule in preventing periparturient disease in l...
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The purpose of this study was to 1) estimate the herd prevalence of contagious mastitis pathogens in bulk milk from Prince Edward Island (PEI) dairy farms, 2) determine the association between bulk milk culture results and mean bulk milk somatic cell count (BMSCC), and 3) investigate the agreement o...
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The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of an intramammary infusion, containing tilmicosin phosphate, to an infusion of a negative control intramammary placebo for preventing new intramammary infections (IMI) during the dry period. Cows were enrolled from 24 dairy herds from three ge...
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Plasma progesterone (P4) levels were assessed by radioimmunoassay in lactating dairy cows treated with a progesterone-releasing intravaginal device (PRID). Group A cows (N=6) received no treatment. PRIDs were administered to Group B1 (N=3) on day 25 after the first observed estrus (Day 0) and to Gro...
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Streptococcus agalactiae continues to be a major cause of subclinical mastitis in dairy cattle and a source of economic loss for the industry. Veterinarians are often asked to provide information on herd level control and eradication of S. agalactiae mastitis. This review collects and collates relev...
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The objective of this field trial was to compare the effect of intrauterine (i.u.) antibiotic or intramuscular (i.m.) prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) on time to pregnancy in dairy cows diagnosed with clinical endometritis between 20 and 33 days in milk (DIM). The case definition of endometritis ...
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The objectives of this study were to validate diagnostic criteria for clinical endometritis in postpartum dairy cows and to measure the impact of endometritis on reproductive performance. Data were collected from 1865 cows in 27 herds, including history of dystocia, twins, retained placenta, or metr...
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As an alternative to blanket dry cow therapy (BDCT), selective dry cow therapy (SDCT) is considered a more judicious approach to antimicrobial use for the purpose of mastitis control during the non-lactating period. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the utility of a 3M Petrifilm-based on-...
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Staphylococcus aureus is a significant pathogen frequently causing persistent intramammary infections (IMI) in dairy cows. We compared some genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of 285 strains collected from quarter milk samples from cows with persistent and nonpersistent subclinical IMI across C...
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Klebsiella spp. is a common cause of bovine mastitis, but information regarding its molecular epidemiology is lacking from many parts of the world. On using mass spectrometry and partial sequencing of the rpoB gene, it was found that over a one year study, K. variicola and Enterobacter cloacae were ...
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Bovine herpesvirus-4 (BHV-4), genus Rhadinovirus, is a member of the family Herpesviridae, subfamily Gammaherpesvirinae with a worldwide distribution. This study was conducted to investigate the role of the virus in mastitis and/or subclinical mastitis in the Canadian dairy herds.Milk samples from 1...
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Milk samples from 50 sheep on a single Scottish research farm were collected weekly for 10 wk postpartum. Samples were analyzed for somatic cell counts (SCC) each week and bacteriologic culture was done for 7 of the 10 wk. A total of 492 udder half samples were cultured, of which 467 had correspondi...
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Major mastitis pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus uberis, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, and coliforms are usually considered more virulent and damaging to the udder than minor mastitis pathogens such as Corynebacterium spp. and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS). The current li...
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate a 3M Petrifilm-based on-farm culture system for the detection of intramammary infection (IMI) in low somatic cell count (SCC) cows (<200,000 cells/mL) at drying off. The main objectives were to determine the test characteristics and the predictive values of ...