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Rainbow trout, in groups of 3, were exposed to 109 cfu/ml Vibrio anguillarum in fresh or salt water, or were kept in non-infected fresh water. Gill filaments were removed from the fish and studied by light and electron microscopy. Eosoinophil granule cells were present throughout the tissue in assoc...
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Adult rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were injected intraperitoneally with capsaicin, substance P, serotonin, or a control of saline vehicle or bovine serum albumin (0.5 microgram/g body weight). Fish were sacrificed 30 min and 1, 2, and 4 h post-injection, the gut was dissected out, and a small...
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Chloramine-T is a widely used prophylactic and therapeutic agent in freshwater aquaculture (mainly against bacterial gill disease). The effects of repeated intermittent exposure of healthy rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fingerlings to sublethal concentrations of chloramine-T (0,5, 10, or 20 mg/...
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In two variants of Loma salmonae that have specificity for rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (OA variant) and specificity to brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis (SV variant), the parasitophorous vacuole forms at the onset of sporogony. In the OA variant the merogonial stage is bound by a single plasma...
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The ontogeny of major histocompatibility class II antigens in small intestine enterocytes of postnatal C3H/He mice was investigated. Cryosections of duodenal, jejunal, and ileal segments from 7-, 14-, 16-, 20-, 21-, 23-, 25-, 27-, 28-day-old and 7-week-old mice were stained for the class II antigens...
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The qualitative and quantitative expression of major histocompatibility class II antigens was investigated in the absorptive epithelium of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum from mice of C3H/He (H-2k haplotype) and C57BL/6 (H-2b haplotype) strains by peroxidase-antiperoxidase labelling and image analy...
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The early ultrastructural stages of Loma salmonae were studied in the gills of experimentally infected rainbow trout. No parasitic stages were identified during the first 2 wk of the infection. By week 3 postexposure (PE), uninucleate and binucleate meronts were recognized within host cells (no xeno...
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The effects of dexamethasone (dex) treatment on infections with the microsporidian parasite, Loma salmonae and the effects of dex on initiation of the adaptive immune response were investigated in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss experimentally infected with the parasite. Dex treatment resulted in...
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Infection by a microsporidian of the genus Loma was found in gills of cod Gadus morhua. Xenomas contained parasites in multiple stages of development. Some spores looked empty and had everted polar tubes, which were either straight or coiled. These polar tubes were scattered throughout the xenoma cy...
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The sequence of host changes following the rupture of spore-laden xenomas of the microsporidian Loma salmonae during Microsporidial Gill Disease of Salmon was deduced from ultrastructural examination of the gills of naturally infected, moribund, chinook salmon from a commercial aquaculture site. The...
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The presence of dendritic cells in fish is studied with immunohistochemistry using a commercially available antibody developed against Langerin/CD207 present in human Langerhans cells. Langerin/CD207, a protein known to be associated with the development of Birbeck granules in human and murine syste...
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Eosinophilic granule cells (EGCs) are considered to be analogous to mammalian mast cells. In this study the short term ultrastructural responses of ECGs to extracellular products (ECPs) of Aeromonas salmonicida or Vibrio [Listonella] anguillarum were investigated. Bacterial ECP was prepared from a b...
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Gills from Atlantic salmon with experimentally induced amoebic gill disease (Neoparamoeba spp.) were examined with transmission electron microscopy to assess pathology and host-cell responses. Amoebae were found either on the surface epithelium or with pseudopodia extending deeply into invaginations...
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SUMMARYSome members of the ABC-transporter superfamily, such as P-glycoprotein and the multidrug resistance associated protein, may confer resistance to the avermectin subclass of macrocyclic lactones. The aim of this study was to examine the presence of ABC transporters in both sea lice (Lepeophthe...
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The objective of the present study was to understand how and when the frontal filament (FF) in the salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis is produced by examining the sequence of morphological changes leading to FF production in the copepodid and early chalimus stages. Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) we...
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Enzyme cytochemistry was used to investigate possible lysosome involvement in capsaicin induced degranulation of the eosinophilic granule cell (EGC) of the rainbow trout intestine. Three adult rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were injected intraperitoneally with capsaicin in a saline vehicle (0.5...
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Meconium aspiration syndrome is a major contributor to neonatal respiratory distress in infants and it has been sporadically recognized in neonatal animals. This investigation was designed to study the short and long term effects of meconium and amniotic fluid in the lungs of neonatal rats. Seven-da...
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