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The article discusses the work of 19th century psychiatrist and public health researcher Bénédict-Augustin Morel. Topics include Morel's beliefs about the heritability of health problems, the professionalization of psychiatry, and the emergence of Christian socialism in France. Also addressed are ...
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The article discusses cultural conflicts and social policies regarding euthanasia in the United states from 1950 to 2010. The author highlights high-profile legal cases related to euthanasia including, the trial of Dr. Herman Sander, the first U.S. physician to stand trial for euthanasia, the case s...
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Rev. of Madness Is Civilization: When the Diagnosis Was Social, 1948–1980, by Michael E. Staub,
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Rev. of The Mad Among Us: A History of the Care of America's Mentally Ill, by Gerald N. Grob
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Discusses the views of Louis Ferdinand Alfred Maury (1817-92), noted French scholar, on the psychology of the unconscious mind, suggesting that his views reflected not only conventional medical attitudes but also his disapproval of radical politics. Maury's ideas on hallucinations, dreams, and ...
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Rev. of Creating born criminals, by Nicole Hahn Rafter
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Rev. of Reconstructing American Education by Michael B. Katz
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One of the most curious gaps in the historiography of French psychiatry is the era between the fin de siecle and the 1920's, years that overlapped the life and career of Valentin Magnan (1835-1916), a pivotal figure in the historical classification of mental diseases. Magnan was in many ways a ...
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Rev. of The Nazi War on Cancer, by Robert Procter
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Rev. of Approaching Hysteria: Disease and Its Interpretations, by Mark S. Micale
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Rev. of Console and Classify: The French Psychiatric Profession in the Nineteenth Century, by Jan Goldstein.
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Reviews the book "The Science of Human Diversity: A History of the Pioneer Fund" by Richard Lynn.
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The Societe Medico-Psychologique, which emerged in 1852 under the Second Empire, served as a means of professional identity for asylum psychiatry. It was the first alienist learned society in French history and psychiatry's first attempt at association. Designed as a medical specialist organization,...
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Anxiety has always been part of the human condition, with accounts of its various manifestations, including acute shyness and stage fright, dating back to classical antiquity. Nonetheless, since the end of the Second World War, reported levels of anxiety have risen alarmingly. At the beginning of th...
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Rev. of The modern art of dying: A history of euthanasia in the United States, by Shai J. Lavi
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The conflicts over curriculum reform are connected to the changes in social relations presaged by the arrival of state schooling, using the example of the London Technical School in Ontario, Canada, in the early 20th century. The author discusses the debates over "vocational" versus "...
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One of the most neglected aspects of the history of eugenics in Canada and elsewhere is the contributions psychiatrists made to the debate over immigration restriction. To date historians of eugenics have tended to argue that physicians in general and psychiatrists in particular supported the medica...
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Describes the centralization, bureaucratization, and politicization of New York State's care for the insane that began with the State Care Act in 1890 and ended with the Brackett-Rogers bill in 1902. The State Care Act legislated hospitalization in state-funded asylums for all mentally ill pers...
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Examines the contribution of English public health activist C. Killick Millard to the euthanasia movement. Implications of the legislative decisions on the right to die; Contribution of the early twentieth-century Unitarians to humanism; Reaffirmation of the Christian messages of compassion.; Examin...
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Rev. of Scientists of the Mind: Intellectual Founders of Modern Psychology, by Clarence J. Karier.
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The concept of paranoia as a distinct illness was proposed by Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926), opposed by followers of Sigmund Freud and Adolph Meyer, and then repopularized by the authors of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The concept's continued popularity will depend on...
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Rev. of From the Mind Into the Body,' by Edward Shorter.
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Tracks the change of heart on the subject of eugenics experienced by notable psychiatrist G. Alder Blumer during 1890-1920. Negative eugenics, stressing the need to eliminate unfavorable traits through reproductive control, resulted in thousands of the mentally ill being sterilized. While working at...
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Rev. of Three Generations, No Imbeciles: Eugenics, the Supreme Court, and Buck v. Bell, by Paul A. Lombardo.
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Rev. of The Most Solitary of Afflications: Madness and Society in Britain, 1700-1900, by Andrew Scull and Psychiatry for the Rich: A History of Ticehurst Private Asylum, 1792-1917, by Charlotte MacKenzie
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Presents several reader correspondence on Christianity published on the periodical "First Things"; October 2003 issue. Salvation of the unbeliever; Punishment for sinners; Messianic faith of Orthodox Jews.; Presents several reader correspondence on Christianity published on the periodical 'Firs...
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The activities of the Euthanasia Society of America (ESA) and the Association for Voluntary Sterilization (AVS) during the 1940's-60's suggest that historians should consider birth control, eugenic sterilization, and euthanasia as closely linked elements in the American liberal tradition o...
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"This is the story of one of the most far-reaching human endeavors in history: the quest for mental well-being. From its origins in the eighteenth century to its wide scope in the early twenty-first, this search for emotional health and welfare has cost billions. In the name of mental health, m...
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The article reviews the books "Making Marriage Work: A History of Marriage & Divorce in the Twentieth-Century United States" by Kristin Celello and "More Perfect Unions: The American Search for Marital Bliss" by Rebecca L. Davis.
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"Next to global warming, the most urgent international issue facing governments in the twenty-first century is likely to be the all-time low birth rates around the world, what pundits Ben Wattenberg and Philip Longman call the "birth dearth" and the "empty cradle," respectiv...
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The article presents a case study of a medical research mission to Moscow in the Soviet Union in 1946. It describes a mission undertaken by U.S. marriage and family counselor Emily Hartshorne Mudd to Moscow with American-Soviet Medical Society (ASMS) business manager Robert Leslie and Mudd's husband...
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