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Intravenous administration of an ionic radiographic contrast medium was believed to have caused acute oliguric renal failure in a young dog. Intravenous pyelography was done on a healthy 14-month-old female Lhasa Apso prior to reconstructive surgery for pseudohermaphroditism. Within 24 hours of the ...
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Background: Markedly overweight people can develop progressive proteinuria and kidney failure secondary to obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG). Glomerular lesions in dogs with experimentally induced obesity are similar to those in people with ORG. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
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A multicentric prospective study was conducted to monitor the effect of phenobarbital on serum total thyroxine (T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) concentrations in epileptic dogs. Serum T4 concentrations were determined for 22 epileptic dogs prior to initiation of phenobarbital therapy (time...
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Communication skills are considered a core clinical skill in human medicine. Recognizing the importance of communication skills and addressing them in veterinary curricula, however, is just beginning. In the fall of 2003, the Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, markedly ...
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Six dogs were fed each of nine diets to evaluate the effects of diet on fecal occult blood test results. The diets represented a range of different type (i.e. canned, dry or semi-moist), protein and vegetable constituents, and fiber contents. Each diet was fed twice daily for five consecutive days; ...
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The effect of a high insoluble-fiber (IF) diet containing 15% cellulose in dry matter, high soluble-fiber (SF) diet containing 15% pectin in dry matter, and low-fiber (LF) diet on glycemic control in 6 dogs with alloxan-induced insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus was evaluated. Each diet contained g...
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OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of medetomidine, administered i.v., on serum insulin and plasma glucose concentrations in clinically normal dogs. ANIMALS: 6 healthy adult Beagles. PROCEDURE: Dogs were randomly assigned to each of 3 treatments in a prospective cross-over study design. Serum insul...
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OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of i.v. medetomidine administration on selected clinicopathologic variables in dogs. ANIMALS: 6 healthy adult Beagles. PROCEDURE: Dogs were randomly assigned to each of 3 treatments in a crossover study design. Serum osmolality, urine osmolality, urine pH, and fractio...
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OBJECTIVE: To determine whether phenobarbital treatment of epileptic dogs alters serum thyroxine (T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) concentrations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. ANIMALS: 78 epileptic dogs receiving phenobarbital (group 1) and 48 untreated epileptic dogs (group 2). PROCEDURE...
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BACKGROUND Myocardial fibrosis is a hallmark of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Human patients with HCM have high serum concentrations of biomarkers of collagen synthesis, indicating a profibrotic state. This abnormality exists in sarcomere mutation carriers both with and without overt left ventr...
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Failure to grow in pups and kittens can be the result of many factors. Dietary, metabolic, endocrine, parasitic, neoplastic, and genetic diseases may be responsible for a failure to thrive alone or in concert with other disorders. A complete history, physical examination, complete blood cell count, ...
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This article reviews potential causes of insulin resistance in dogs and cats. These include hyperadrenocorticism, dioestrus or pregnancy, acromegaly, obesity and excess glucagon secretion. Clinical recognition and diagnosis are discussed..
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OBJECTIVES: To compare Schirmer tear test (STT) values, corneal sensitivity, tear film break up times (TFBUTs), and tear glucose concentrations in relation to conjunctival microflora, and conjunctival cytologic and histologic findings among diabetic cataractous, nondiabetic cataractous, and nondiabe...
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Phenobarbital (PB) therapy is frequently associated with elevated serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (AP) activities in dogs without clinical signs of liver disease. The goal of this study was to determine if increased serum ALT and AP activities in clinically healthy PB-t...
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Dietary therapy affects diabetes management in the dog and cat directly through control of blood glucose and indirectly through control of obesity and lipid abnormalities. Caloric intake, the feeding schedule, food form, macronutrient composition of the diet, and the presence of any concurrent probl...
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Pituitary corticotroph macrotumors occur in 10% to 50% of dogs with PDH. Clinical signs may be only those of hypercortisolism or may include neurologic signs such as stupor, inappetance, circling, or pacing. Currently, CT and MRI are the only tests that can confirm the presence of a pituitary macrot...
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Pituitary macroadenoma/macroadenocarcinoma (PMA; tumor size greater than or equal to 1 cm in diameter) was diagnosed in 13 dogs after 0.5 to 24 months of mitotane treatment for pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH). The diagnosis of PDH was established on the basis of results of common test...
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An 11-year-old mixed-breed dog was examined because of chronic diarrhea, anorexia, and weight loss. Clinicopathologic abnormalities included anemia and hypoalbuminemia, and protein-losing enteropathy was identified. Acute, unilateral, femoral artery thrombosis developed before the cause of the prote...