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Objective To assess food consumption among aboriginal children living on Mi’kmaq reserves in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Design Data were collected as part of a larger study of health perceptions and behaviors in Mi’kmaq children and youth ages 1 to 18 years. Food consumption was ass...
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This research study entitled Building Healthy Mi'kmaq Communities in Prince Edward Island is important because at the outset of the study, little or no research had been undertaken with the Mi'kmaq communities of PEL The purpose of the study was to focus primarily on the determinants of he...
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During the past decade,there have been several health surveys involving Canada?s Aboriginal people.In many of these studies,the Aboriginal population of Prince Edward Island (P.E.I.) has not been adequately represented.Given the lack of information regarding the health status of this population,the ...
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OBJECTIVE: Although the majority of Canadian provinces have indicated that they have adopted new school nutrition policies, there have been few if any systematic evaluations of these policies. In Prince Edward Island, a nutrition policy for elementary schools was adopted province-wide in 2006. In th...
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While pregnancy is a normal, transitional life event many women experience, the need exists for competent, holistic health care during this time in their lives. On Prince Edward Island, 90% of perinatal care is administered by obstetricians following a medical model of care; this is 30% greater than...
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Objective: To determine which nursing support behaviors new mothers rate as most helpful in assisting them to cope with labor. Design: A retrospective study using quantitative and qualitative approaches, including a ranking of means and a content analysis. Setting: The postpartum unit of a tertiary-...
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OBJECTIVE: To compare selected effects of tub bathing versus traditional sponge bathing in healthy, term newborns and their mothers' ratings of pleasure and confidence with the bath. Design: Randomized controlled study. SETTING: The maternity unit of an eastern Canadian hospital. PARTICIPANTS: ...
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Many learning needs arise in the early postpartum period, and it is important to examine interventions used to educate new parents about caring for their newborns during this time. The primary objective was to assess the effects of structured postnatal education delivered by an educator to an indiv...
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Doctorally prepared nurses entering today's research environment must be adept at transcending the research chasm that exists across disciplines and within nursing and be prepared to play leadership roles in multidisciplinary and nursing research. In order to fulfill these roles and meet the ne...
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Evidence regarding the predictors of positive parenting behaviors in the early transition to parenting is inconsistent and limited. In this prospective, cohort study, we examined whether women's perceptions of their childbirth experience, as well as selected demographic, obstetrical, and psycho...
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Objective: To determine the factors that predict women's perceptions of the childbirth experience and to examine whether these vary with the type of birth a woman experiences. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: The postpartum units of two eastern Canadian hospitals. Participants: Six hundred...
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Background: Parenting self-efficacy has been identified as one determinant of positive parenting. The literature is inconsistent regarding the predictors of parenting self-efficacy, and there is limited evidence regarding these predictors in the early postpartum period. Objectives: To determine the ...
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OBJECTIVE: To determine whether participants preferred a provider-completed or self-reported antenatal psychosocial health assessment (ALPHA) form, to evaluate the forms' effectiveness in facilitating disclosure of psychosocial issues, and to determine whether different providers gathered diffe...
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OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of an assessment tool for antenatal psychosocial risk factors associated with poor postpartum outcomes. METHODS: A survey of Ontario family physicians established a need for an antenatal psychosocial health assessment (ALPHA) form. A critical literature review ...
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Purpose. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between women's perceptions of their childbirth experiences and their early postpartum parenting behaviours and to determine the factors that predict the birth experience. Methods. Of all women giving birth on Prince Edward Island b...
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Agricultural activity on Prince Edward Island poses a potential hazard to groundwater, which is the sole source of drinking water on the island. This study investigates the potential impact of groundwater nitrate exposure on prematurity and intrauterine growth restriction on Prince Edward Island. A ...