Results

1 - 25 of 61
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) have been used as a diagnostic tool to quantify levels of gastrointestinal nematodes in dairy cattle by measuring Ostertagia ostertagi antibodies in milk. Higher levels of O. ostertagi antibodies measured by ELISA methods, referred to as optical density ra...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to identify study-level variables that could explain the variation in apparent Salmonella spp. prevalence estimates. Electronic and non-electronic literature searches from 1990 until 2005 were carried out to identify all studies related to the prev...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Control of sea lice in Chile is largely based on antiparasitic treatments, synthetic pyrethroids being the most used drugs. In recent years, farmers in Chile have reported decreased performance of pyrethroid-based treatments. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of two deltamethrin-ba...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Gastrointestinal nematodes, such as Ostertagia ostertagi and several species of Cooperia, are ubiquitous in temperate climates and have been shown to have detrimental effects on production in adult dairy cattle. A published meta-analysis demonstrated that overall, producers lose approximately 0.35 k...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The objective of this study was to assess the stability of ELISA plates prepared with one of three blocking agents and used with one of two conjugates at various time intervals after preparation of the plates. Two of the blocking agents used were commercially available: one termed stabilgaurd (stab)...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The development and implementation of systems for real-time monitoring of health data has been limited in veterinary medicine by the lack of computerized, automatically collected data. We describe the construction of a surveillance system for early detection of cattle diseases based on laboratory re...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
A mathematical model was used to describe the population of the aquatic invasive species, Ciona intestinalis in the presence of cultured mussel production. A differential equation model was developed to represent the key life stages: egg, larva, recruit, juvenile and adult. Stage transition rates we...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Background Recent focus on earlier detection of pathogen introduction in human and animal populations has led to the development of surveillance systems based on automated monitoring of health data. Real- or near real-time monitoring of pre-diagnostic data requires automated classification of recor...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Direct and indirect contacts among animal holdings are important in the spread of infectious diseases. The objectives of this study were to describe networks of pig movements and the sharing of trucks used for those movements between swine farms in four Canadian regions using network analysis tools ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Salmon Rickettsia Syndrome (SRS), also known as Salmon Rickettsia Septicemia, caused by Piscirickettsia salmonis is the most common bacterial disease in the Chilean salmon aquaculture industry. The epidemiology of this pathogen is relatively unknown. Using the Chilean salmon aquaculture industry mon...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The general objective of this study was to evaluate a crude Ostertagia ostertagi antigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for monitoring gastrointestinal parasites in lactating dairy cattle. A longitudinal study of gastrointestinal parasites in lactating dairy cows was carried out in 38 her...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
An indirect Ostertagia ostertagi ELISA was used in late lactation milk samples from cows in confined and semi-confined dairy herds to determine if it could predict milk production response after endectocide treatment at calving. Holstein cows from 9 dairy farms from Prince Edward Island (PEI), 5 fro...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of antibodies against Ostertagia ostertagi using a crude adult worm antigen was evaluated using serum and milk samples from adult cows, as well as from bulk tank milk. Within and between plate repeatabilities were determined. In...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The epidemiology of bovine gastrointestinal nematodes was investigated through a 1-year (October 1999 to September 2000) longitudinal study in 38 Canadian dairy herds from 4 different provinces (Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Ontario, Saskatchewan). For each herd, fecal egg counts from 8 randomly sel...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
We evaluated (using latent-class models) the ability of the California Mastitis Test (CMT) to identify cows with intramammary infections on the day of dry-off. The positive and negative predictive values of this test to identify cows requiring dry-cow antibiotics (i.e. infected) was also assessed. W...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The present study was carried out to evaluate the relationship between milk optical density ratios (ODRs) from an indirect Ostertagia ostertagi ELISA, total milk IgG levels and milk production and then establish a correction factor to adjust ODR. Five hundred and sixty composite milk samples collect...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Juvenile pink salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha and chum salmon O. keta were sampled by beach or purse seine to assess levels of sea lice infestation in the Knight Inlet and Broughton Archipelago regions of coastal British Columbia, Canada, during the months of March to July from 2003 to 2012. Beach sei...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Diagnostic test orders to an animal laboratory were explored as a data source for monitoring trends in the incidence of clinical syndromes in cattle. Four years of real data and over 200 simulated outbreak signals were used to compare pre-processing methods that could remove temporal effects in the ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The practice of disease surveillance has shifted in the last two decades towards the introduction of systems capable of early detection of disease. Modern biosurveillance systems explore different sources of pre-diagnostic data, such as patient's chief complaint upon emergency visit or labo...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Selected alternative treatments for preventing or controlling gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) in sheep under field conditions were evaluated using a systematic review-meta-analysis methodology. Forty-three publications reporting 51 studies (21 controlled studies (CS) and 30 challenge studies (ChS))...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Global climate change is known to result in the emergence or re-emergence of some infectious diseases. Reliable methods to identify the infectious diseases of humans and animals and that are most likely to be influenced by climate are therefore required. Since different priorities will affect the de...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Understanding contact networks are important for modelling and managing the spread and control of communicable diseases in populations. This study characterizes the swine shipment network of a multi-site production system in southwestern Ontario, Canada. Data were extracted from a company's database...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Increasing incidences of emerging and re-emerging diseases that are mostly zoonotic (e.g. severe acute respiratory syndrome, avian influenza H5N1, pandemic influenza) has led to the need for a multidisciplinary approach to tackling these threats to public and animal health. Accordingly, a global...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Syndromic surveillance can be characterised as a process involving the continuous analysis of health data to provide immediate feedback. The data sources scanned should therefore represent high population coverage, be acquired continuously, in an automated manner, and be available in digital format....