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A 600-cow New Zealand dairy herd experienced an abortion storm in 1997 and was monitored (blood sampling at about 3-month intervals) from May 1997 until January 1999. Abortion risk reached 9% in 1997 and was highest in heifers at 19%. The abortion risk decreased in 1998 to 3.2% (still somewhat highe...
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SELENIUM AVAILABILITY: Selenium deficiency has been an important source of loss to the pastoral industries of New Zealand. About 30% of farmed land in New Zealand is considered to be selenium-deficient and continued development of soils and pasture will tend to further decrease the concentration of ...
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ESTIMATING SELENIUM STATUS: Although the importance of selenium in ruminants has been recognised for over 30 years, problems associated with selenium deficiency are still frequently identified in grazing livestock operations. There is a growing diversity of tools available for the management of sele...
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The objectives of this study were to provide baseline data for alpha-tocopherol, selenium and polyunsaturated fatty acid concentrations in the serum and feed of New Zealand dairy cattle, and to assess the likelihood that abnormal peroxide metabolism has a role in the impaired lactational and reprodu...
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24 Friesian heifers were fed winter diets consisting either of hay with or without selenium supplementation, or pasture and silage with or without selenium supplementation. Heifers fed hay diet (α-tocopherol concentration 19 mg/kg of dry matter) resulted in a pre-calving serum α-tocopherol concent...
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Botulism was believed to be the cause of progressive symmetric myasthenia in 8 horses on a farm in North Carolina. One horse was found dead, 6 were euthanatized after becoming recumbent, and 1 affected horse recovered. Cecal and colonic contents of 2 horses were determined to contain Clostridium bot...
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An observational study was conducted in 63 Canadian dairy farms to evaluate the association of bulk tank milk selenium (Se) concentration (BTSe) with average daily milk yield, milk fat and milk protein, bulk tank somatic cell count (BTSCC), and the probability of being a Staphylococcus aureus-positi...
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All cows in 6 spring-calving herds were examined for pregnancy using rectal palpation, real-time ultrasonography or enzyme immunoassay of milk samples for oestrone sulfate content [date not given]. A complete set of results was obtained from 2139 cows, of which 1906 (98.1%) were pregnant and 233 (10...
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Termination of pregnancy (abortion) was successful in four of four bitches that received PGF(2)alpha (125 mug/kg bid s.c.) and in two or four bitches that received bromocryptine (62.5 mug/kg bid po) for up to 6 d beginning 43 to 45 d post ovulation. Four sham-treated controls whelped normally at ter...
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Pregnant Thoroughbred mares (n=21) were grazed on tall fescue pasture containing Cu 4.4-8.6 mg/kg DM. Twelve mares were supplemented daily with Cu 0.5 mg/kg liveweight (LW) as copper sulphate for the final 13-25 weeks of gestation. Plasma Cu declined during the third trimester for all mares and was ...