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The establishment of basic leaf shape in three representative members of the genus Vitis (Vitis riparia Michx., cultivars Vivant and Concord) was studied using scanning electron microscopy. At maturity, the leaves of the above taxa have specific and recognizable features which makes it possible to d...
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Leaf characters, such as angles between major veins, ratios of the length of leaf lobes, of leaf lobes and sinuses, and of petioles and leaf lobes, were measured on leaves of different sizes and compared against leaf blade length (an indirect measure of developmental time) to see if there were diffe...
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This quantitative developmental study examines various parameters associated with the growth of leaves of Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. on different shoot systems from a single clonal plant to determine the dynamics of growth processes during the development of a normal, typical leaf. Early ...
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A modified mathematical model based on the concept of generative centres is proposed to describe organogenesis in young leaf primordia of Murraya paniculata. Measurements of specific parameters on leaf primordia at different stages of development support the basic assumptions of the model. These ass...
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In the spadix of Caladium, there is a clearly recognizable intermediate zone consisting of sterile male flowers. The transition between the female zone and the male sterile zone is more or less abrupt. During the early stages of development of the inflorescence, a few atypical bisexual flowers betwe...
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Explores aspects of floral development in Philodendron grandifolium and Philodendron megalophyllum. Initiation of pistillate and staminate flowers; Morphology of the mature flowers; Function of the presence of calcium oxalate crystals; Observations of the homeotic shift between carpels and staminode...
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The floral morphology of Ambrosina and Arisarum is analysed from a developmental and phylogenetic point of view. In Arisarum, there are atypical organs displaying male and female characteristics. This developmental study shows that the male flowers of Ambrosina are di- or tri-androus. A close phylog...
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A comparative developmental study of the compound leaves Ailanthus altissima, Lupinus polyphyllus, Fraxinus americana, Rhus typhina and the highly dissected leaves of Achillea millefolium, was initiated to document the changes in form that lateral elements (leaflets/lobes) undergo at later stages in...
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Homeosis is defined as the complete or partial replacement of one part of an organism with another part. Double-flowered cultivars of H. rosa-sinensis display a divergent floral morphology that appears to fit the criteria for homeosis. The corolla of single flowered cultivars is pentamerous. Mature ...
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Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. produces two morphologically different forms of leaves based on whether they are aerial or aquatic. The objective of this study was to determine whether there are any similarities or differences between these two growth forms during their early stages of develop...
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In Angiosperms placentae or ovules are fomed on carpels or the floral apex. Hence, in a developmental sense, there are carpellate and acarpellate gynoecia. The latter occur in about 11% of all Angiosperm families. Basella rubra is an example of the noncarpellate condition. Its single basal ovule is ...
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The spadix of Arum italicum Miller consists of two main parts: a clavate sterile portion (appendix) and a cylindroid fertile portion. In the fertile portion with both male and female zones, there are two zones of sterile flowers (bristles). The basal portion of bristles is surrounded by a verrucose ...
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The early stages of inflorescence development in Philodendron fragrantissimum (Hook.) G. Don are examined using scanning electron microscopy. Pistillate flowers are initiated on the lower portion of the inflorescence and staminate flowers are initiated on the distal portion. Male flowers have 6-8 st...
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The floral development of Syngonium angustatum is analysed in the context of a recently published molecular phylogeny of the Araceae. The initiation of discoid floral primordia occurs acropetally on the surface of the inflorescence. Female flowers, atypical bisexual flowers, sterile male flowers and...
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The early stages of development of the inflorescence of Philodendron insigne were examined using scanning electron microscopy. Pistillate flowers are initiated on the lower portion of the inflorescence and staminate flowers are initiated on the distal portion. The male flowers have three to five sta...
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Using scanning electron microscopy and thin sectioning, the functional morphology of the gynoecium, anthers, and pollen grains of Ruppia maritima, widgeon grass, were studied. The funnel-like arrangement of the carpels directing pollen to the stigmatic regions, the buoyancy offered by the presence o...
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The inflorescence of Anaphyllopsis americana (Engler) A. Hay consists of more than 100 flowers arranged in recognizable spirals. Each flower has four broad tepals enclosing four stamens that are not visible prior to anthesis. The unilocular ovary contains one ovule and bears a discoid stigma. The fl...
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The larval stages of the cynipid wasp Diplolepis rosaefolii induce the formation of single-chambered, lenticular galls on the leaves of the wild shrub rose, Rosa virginiana. The development of galls induced by D. rosaefolii was studied using light and scanning electron microscopy. The gall consists ...
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Scirpus acutus Muhl. is a hardstem bulrush found throughout North American wetlands. The seeds of most species of Scirpus have a relatively low germination potential. Seed viability and the developmental morphology of the embryo upon germination were studied using standard tetrazolium (TZ) testing, ...
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The developmental morphology of shoots of Thuja occidentalis L. (eastern white cedar) was investigated using scanning electron microscopy to determine the pattern of initiation of two types of leaves characteristic of higher (third and above) order branches. The shoots of eastern white cedar are bil...