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An immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT) developed for the diagnosis for plasmacytoid leukemia was evaluated against histology under field conditions. Previously published results from a laboratory evaluation indicated that the IFAT had a much higher sensitivity than did histology. One hundred seve...
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The general objective of this study was to evaluate a crude Ostertagia ostertagi antigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for monitoring gastrointestinal parasites in lactating dairy cattle. A longitudinal study of gastrointestinal parasites in lactating dairy cows was carried out in 38 her...
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During a 19-month period, the agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test was used as an aid in differential diagnosis of paratuberculosis in 51 cattle with a history of chronic weight loss and/or chronic diarrhea. Thirty-three cattle were AGID test-positive for paratuberculosis. Twenty-eight cattle (87.5%...
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This study compared and contrasted the fate of the microsporidian Loma salmonae, a branchial pathogen of salmonids of the genus Oncorhynchus, upon exposure of (1) naive susceptible rainbow trout (RT) O. mykiss, (2) naive RT passively immunized with sera from RT previously exposed to L. salmonae, (3)...
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The objective of this study was to determine the agreement between ELISA tests conducted using three O. ostertagia antigens: crude adult worm, larval stage 4 (L4) excretory/secretory (ES) and adult ES. This study was carried out on 289 Holstein cows from five herds in Prince Edward Island and one he...
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Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration was measured, using an automated immunoturbidimetric assay, in 44 clinically normal dogs and 67 dogs with band neutrophil count > or = 10(9) cells/L, and values were found to be significantly (P or = 10(9) band neutrophils/L resulted in a statistically...
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Transformation of peripheral blood lymphocytes from pony foals vaccinated and subsequently infected with Corynebacterium equi was studied. Three foals were vaccinated on two occasions using a formalinized C. equi vaccine with aluminum hydroxide as an adjuvant. Three nonvaccinated foals served as con...
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Following a per os challenge of naive rainbow trout with live spores of Loma salmonae, head kidney mononuclear cells (MNC) in culture were able to proliferate in response to crude soluble parasite extract or intact dead spores. A significant response was seen by week 2 post-exposure and a maximum re...
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Plasmacytoid leukaemia (PL) is a lymphoproliferative disorder that affects netpen-reared chinook salmon in British Columbia, Canada. The only diagnostic test for PL is histological evaluation of suspect fish. Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) previously reported to react with tissues of PL-affected fish ...
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Pasteurella haemolytica exerted a cytotoxic effect on bovine polymorphonuclear neutrophil leukocytes. This effect was less than that seen with cultured alveolar macrophages or peripheral blood monocytes. When alveolar macrophages were cultured with Pasteurella haemolytica, macrophages produced less ...
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Intradermal injection of phytohemagglutinin was used to evaluate the integrity of cell-mediated immunological reactions in Doberman puppies thought to be predisposed to demodicosis. Results indicate a statistically significant deficiency of cutaneous delayed response in these dogs when compared with...
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In determining the effective vaccine spore dose of a low-virulence strain of Loma salmonae to limit micro-sporidial gill disease in trout, we found that fish receiving 10(3) to 10(5) killed spores had the best protection against experimental infection, with 85% fewer xenomas in their gills than in t...
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A genomic library of Sarcocystis cruzi sporozoite DNA was constructed in bacteriophage lambda gt10. Recombinant phages containing insert DNA were selected by growth on Escherichia coli strain C600 hflA150. Of 14 clones examined, 11 contained DNA inserts ranging in size from approximately 1.45 kiloba...
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Adddition of an anionic detergent to aerosols of Bacillus subtilis protease markedly increased mortality in guinea pigs following a single aerosol exposure and altered the nature of the lung pathology after exposure. It was observed that the detergent inhibited in vitro activity of serum protease in...
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Forty calves were used to evaluate the immune response effects induced by a wide range of dietary vitamin A intake levels. The immune response was not affected by the tested doses of vitamin A administered orally during a 56 day period. There was no change in plasma immunoglobulin concentrations and...
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From day 57 of pregnancy, 12 Yorkshire gilts were given a diet without and with 5% rapeseed oil, supplemented with Se 0.1 mg and DL- alpha -tocopherol (as tocopherol acetate) 22 IU/kg feed. Colostrum (day 0) and milk (days 7, 14, 21 and 28 post partum) were sampled from gilts. At farrowing, 3 piglet...
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Sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) are the most economically important ectoparasites affecting Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) culture worldwide. In recent years the efficacy of historically successful treatments has been on the decline. As such, a new management strategy for controlling lice infectio...
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The effects of selenium (Se) supplementation and source on equine immune function have not been extensively studied. This study examined the effects of oral Se supplementation and Se source on aspects of innate and adaptive immunity in horses. Fifteen horses were assigned to 1 of 3 groups (5 horses/...
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Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of oral supplementation of vitamin C and vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol), alone and in combination, on immune responses of calves. In Experiment 1, 18 Holstein newborn female calves were supplemented with 0, 1, and 2 g/d of vitamin C from birth to ...