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AIMS: To review results of the ventral approach for mandibular and sublingual sialoadenectomy for the treatment of sialocoeles associated with the mandibular and sublingual salivary glands in the dog, and to determine rates of recurrence and complication following this procedure. METHODS: Thirty-nin...
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of nephrotomy on renal function in clinically normal cats. ANIMALS: 20 specific-pathogen-free, 9- to 11-month-old female mixed-breed cats. PROCEDURE: Serum chemistry analyses, CBC determinations, urinalyses, microbiologic urine cultures, renal ultrasonography, abdo...
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OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate surgical approaches to the arteries and veins of the fore- and hindlimbs for use as potential recipient vessels for free tissue transfer. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental anatomic study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Canine cadavers (11): 2 preserved and 9 fresh cadavers. METHODS: ...
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Closure with a simple continuous pattern using absorbable suture was evaluated in 18 cats that underwent perineal urethrostomy from 2000 to 2002. The perineal urethrostomy was performed in a similar manner in all the cats, and either 4-0 or 5-0 polydioxanone was used for closure. Cats were evaluated...
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the primary critical ischemia time for the deep circumflex iliac (DCI) cutaneous flap in cats. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo model. ANIMALS: Thirteen young adult female cats. METHODS: An island skin flap was created on the right side of each cat based on the angiosome of the ventral b...
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OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate surgical approaches to the arteries and veins of the head and neck for use as potential recipient vessels for free tissue transfer. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental anatomic study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Eleven canine cadavers; 2 preserved cadavers and 9 fresh cadavers. METH...
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Thirteen dogs with postanesthetic esophageal dysfunction were identified; 10 of these animals had esophageal stricture. Regurgitation was noted in six dogs during the inciting anesthetic event. Clinical problems common to all dogs included vomiting/regurgitation and weight loss. Coughing was noted i...
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OBJECTIVE: To determine if CO(2) laser was superior to conventional surgical techniques (CST) for creation of skin flaps in dogs as determined by hemostasis, wound healing, and wound tensile strength. STUDY DESIGN: In-vivo model ANIMALS: Six large, mixed-breed dogs. METHODS: On each dog's trunk, 3 p...
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OBJECTIVE: To determine whether atropine altered the degree of mucosal eversion during jejunal resection and anastomosis in the dog. STUDY DESIGN: Part I: Prospective, blinded, randomized, controlled study using a therapeutic dose (0.04 mg/kg systemic) of atropine. Part II: Prospective, unblinded, a...
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OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative signs of discomfort and complications associated with use of CO2 laser for onychectomy with those of the scalpel technique in cats. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, masked clinical trial. ANIMALS: 20 client-owned cats. PROCEDURE: Forelimb feet (right, left) were r...
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Urethral prolapse is an uncommon condition affecting young male dogs, most commonly English bulldogs. Current described techniques for surgical treatment of urethral prolapse involve manual reduction of prolapsed mucosa and placement of a temporary purse-string suture at the penile tip, or resection...
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OBJECTIVE: To quantify and compare intracellular magnesium concentrations (Mgi) in clinically normal dogs (control dogs) and dogs that have gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV dogs) and to determine whether there is a difference in Mgi and serum magnesium concentrations (Mgs) between GDV dogs with and ...
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OBJECTIVE: To develop a free vascularized tibial bone graft based on the periosteal saphenous blood supply. STUDY DESIGN: Preliminary anatomic study of medial tibial blood supply. In vivo comparison of a vascularized and avascular tibial bone graft. ANIMALS: Nine canine cadavers; 14 healthy adult do...
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes and complications in a consecutive series of animals undergoing microvascular reconstructive procedures at two veterinary institutions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS OR SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 44 client-owned dogs and one red-necked wallaby. MET...
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An 18-month-old dog was examined because of ascites of 1 month's duration. Typical causes of ascites, including hepatic failure, heart failure, and protein-losing enteropathy, were ruled out. The dog's history included being hit by a car 6 months earlier, and the caudal vena cava had an S shape on t...
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of various individual criteria and grouped criteria to diagnose sepsis in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective acquisition of clinical data. ANIMALS OR SAMPLE POPULATION: Client-owned dogs; 30 septic and 320 nonseptic. METHODS: Rectal temperature, heart rate, respirator...
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Skin defects on the distal extremity (n = 7) or face (n = 1) of eight dogs were repaired using a medial saphenous fasciocutaneous or myocutaneous flap. The cause of the wounds were ablative oncological surgery (n = 4), trauma (n = 3), or radiation burn (n = 1). The flap was removed from the medial f...
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The purpose of this study was to identify the angiosome of the medial saphenous artery and vein and to evaluate the use of this cutaneous angiosome as a free skin flap in the dog. In phase 1 of this study, selective angiography of the medial saphenous artery performed in six canine cadavers showed t...
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Healing of the urinary tract follows a series of events similar to other epithelial surfaces. This process, however, occurs more rapidly in the urinary tract. A variety of factors that can affect the healing response of the urinary tract are presented in this article. It is important for the veterin...