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This study examines the allometric scaling relationships of the cetacean humerus, radius, and ulna. Bone lengths and diameters were measured for 20 species of odontocete and three species of mysticete cetaceans, representing eight of the nine extant cetacean families. The scaling of individual bone ...
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Quantitative analysis of high affinity [3H]5-HT binding to 5-HT1 receptors in the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral spinal cord of the cat revealed specific binding throughout the grey matter, with the highest levels of binding in laminae II and III, and the lowest levels in laminae I and VII. ...
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The forelimb of cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises) has been radically modified during the limb-to-flipper transition. Extant cetaceans have a soft tissue flipper encasing the manus and acting as a hydrofoil to generate lift. The neuromuscular anatomy that controls flipper movement, however,...
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Melatonin and L-propranolol, which inhibits melatonin synthesis, were administered to rats at 07.45 h and 19.45 h. Melatonin given in the morning decreased non-REM sleep, but when given at night had no effect on sleep stages. L-propranolol given in the morning had no effect on non-REM sleep, but inc...
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The present study was undertaken to determine whether changes in receptor binding of substance P (SP) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) occur in lumbar spinal cord laminae 2, 3, 4 and 10 following interruption of descending SP and 5-HT input. These transmitters and spinal cord regions have been implica...
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With the transition from terrestrial to aquatic habitats, cetacean forelimbs have undergone significant modifications in bone morphology and soft tissue distribution. Some, but not all, of these modifications are also demonstrated in other lineages of extant and extinct secondarily aquatic tetrapods...
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Zinc homeostasis was studied at the tissue and gill subcellular levels in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) following waterborne and dietary exposures, singly and in combination. Juvenile rainbow trout were exposed to 150 or 600 μg l−1 waterborne Zn, 1500 or 4500 μg g−1 dietary Zn, and a com...