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Glutamic acid (GA) and kainic acid (KA) are structurally related to domoic acid (DOM), a neurotoxic amino acid that caused human food poisoning in 1987, following consumption of toxic mussels (Mytilus edulis ) from Prince Edward Island, Canada. To study the difference in response of mussels to a phy...
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Studies on the microanatomy of the mucus-rich biofilm surface of normal or damaged teleost skin tissue have been limited because conventional fixation regimes do not effectively retain mucus during tissue preparation. A non-aqueous fixation method, based on a technique devised to retain airway mucou...
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Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) is a fungicide and a pollutant of increasing concern in industrialized regions of the world. Reproductive failure is one of the effects of HCB upon mammals. Alteration of cell shape in the ovary surface epithelium (OSE) of Cynomolgus monkeys following oral administration of H...
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Neonatal and mature bovine lungs were examined ultrastructurally to quantitatively assess pericyte envelopment of gas exchange capillaries and proximities of pericyte margins to endothelial cell junctions. Pericytes were observed on 91% of the cross-sectioned capillary profiles examined, with 18 and...
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The structure of the scolex, neck, and adjacent strobila of 5 species of Tetrabothrius was evaluated using low to high magnification scanning electron microscopy. Species-specific patterns and morphotypes (spiniform, papilliform, and filiform) of microtriches were found on the scolices and strobilar...
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The leakage of macromolecules from the vasculature to the interstitium is greatly accentuated by mediators of edema such as histamine and bradykinin. The mechanism for this effect is not well delineated although many agents that affect smooth muscle tone may also affect macromolecular leakage. Leaka...
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Industrial depuration may provide a means of removing domoic acid toxin from blue mussels (Mytilus edulis ). Mussels containing up to 50 mu g domoic acid/g were transported from a Prince Edward Island estuary into controlled laboratory conditions to test the effects of temperature, salinity, mussel ...
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Activation of photosensitive compounds has been used in the treatment of tumors and as a technique to study various microcirculatory phenomena. This technique may be accompanied by deleterious effects which may complicate interpretations of experimental results. However, the relevant physiological m...
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Crenosoma vulpis and Eucoleus aerophilus are nematode parasites that can cause verminous pneumonia in wild carnivores. There is a paucity of information regarding the distribution of parasites in the lungs and the relationship between histopathological and parasitological diagnoses in naturally infe...
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1. Pericytes are cells of microvessels (arterioles, capillaries and venules) that wrap around endothelial cells. They are most abundant on venules and are common on capillaries. 2. The pericyte population is highly variable between different tissues and organs, probably in a manner reflecting postar...
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OBJECTIVE: To determine the acute anti-inflammatory effects of topically applied emu oil. ANIMALS: 96 male CD-1 mice assigned randomly to 4 groups, each comprising 24 mice. PROCEDURE: To induce auricular inflammation, 50 microl of a solution comprising 10 microl of croton oil dissolved in 1 ml of ac...
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Efficacy of levamisole was evaluated in a suspected levamisole-resistant population of Haemonchus contortus in the Louisiana State University sheep flock. The efficacy of netobimin also was evaluated against this population of Haemonchus. In trial 1, 5 lambs naturally infected with H contortus were ...
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Levamisole, morantel, fenbendazole, or ivermectin was administered at 2-week intervals from May 1 through Sept 14, 1985, to breeding ewes (20 ewes/drug) infected with various gastrointestinal nematodes. All ewes had fewer gastrointestinal nematode eggs per gram of feces (epg) after 2 treatments, com...
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A syndrome characterized by anemia, erythrocyte dyscrasia, low body weight, and hypothyroidism was observed in 8 llamas (Lama glama). At initial examination (1 to 23 months of age; median, 7.5 months), llamas (3 males, 5 females) were markedly underweight (29 to 55 kg; median, 36 kg) and anemic (PCV...
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Caprine hemal nodes were studied by transmission electron microscopy after glutaraldehyde fixation and epoxy resin embedding. Hemal node macrophages were observed to be engaged in erythrophagocytosis. In the early stages of endocytosis, intact erythrocytes were contained in some of the heterophagic ...
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A flock of 188 sheep was surveyed for cutaneous lesions that were noticed 3 days after shearing. On the basis of histologic features of the cyst wall, ie, association with sebaceous glands and lack of follicular structures or rete pegs, the cysts were classified as follicular cysts.
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The objective of this ultrastructural investigation was to determine if populations of pericytes in equine dermal and skeletal capillaries increase in a head-to-foot direction, as has been reported in human skeletal muscles. Samples of equine microvessels were obtained from the longissimus dorsi ske...
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Inability to preserve airway mucus in situ has limited our understanding of its structure and function. This light- and transmission electron-microscopic study of rat tracheal mucus used a nonaqueous fixative that retains mucus (epiphase) over a lucent layer (hypophase). The fixative is a 1% solutio...
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Domoic acid is a neurotoxic amino acid responsible for an outbreak of human food poisoning in late 1987 following consumption of contaminated blue mussels (Mytilus edulis L.) from eastern Prince Edward Island, Canada. In vitro techniques were used to examine the uptake of domoic acid by digestive gl...
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The acute effects of interleukin 2 (IL-2) were determined in the rat cremaster microcirculation model by intravital, light, and electron microscopy to better understand the pathophysiology of the IL-2-induced vascular leak syndrome. Four groups of rats were studied over a 2-h monitoring period. One ...
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Immunotherapy with interleukin-2 (IL-2) is limited by severe side effects thought to be mediated by the activation of immune effector cells and the induction of secondary cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). In C3H/HeN mice the primary IL-2 to...
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Interleukin-2 (IL-2) mediates regression of metastatic cancer, but its therapeutic efficacy has been limited by toxicities which occur secondarily to IL-2 induced macromolecular leakage from microvessels. Previous studies have indicated that pericytes function in an endothelial cell junction-depende...