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126 - 149 of 149
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This report is the first morphological description of cells that resemble dendritic cells, which appear to form resident populations within the spleen and anterior kidney of fish. Based on examination of three salmonid species, including, rainbow trout, brook trout, and Atlantic salmon, the cells we...
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Chloramine-T has been commonly used as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of bacterial gill disease and related phenomena in the salmonid aquaculture industry, and it is now commonly used as a prophylactic agent to prevent diseases in commercial salmonid hatcheries. Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus myk...
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The effect of exposing Atlantic salmon Salmo salar to hydrogen peroxide was investigated to identify the acute and chronic effects of a single high dose on physiological measurements of stress. A total of 120 Atlantic salmon were divided into 3 groups, exposed to either saltwater (control), or 1000 ...
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Juvenile rainbow trout were exposed to therapeutic concentrations of formalin or chloramine-T to assess the effects of these chemicals on the morphology of the piscine epidermis and its mucous coat. Repeated treatment, once weekly for 4 weeks, with either chemical did not affect the mucous coat of t...
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Bacterial diseases of the gills of commercially reared salmonids in freshwater are common problems. They accounted for 18% of all diagnostic submissions to the Atlantic Veterinary College from commercial fish hatcheries. Definitive diagnosis is difficult because of the growth characteristics of the ...
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Two variants of Loma salmonae occur in net-pen reared chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. The typical variant (OA) has a host specificity for salmonids of the genus Oncorhynchus whereas the atypical variant (SV) has a host specificity for brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis, and in this study, ...
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This paper presents an overview of perkinsiosis in Salmo salar farmed in the Bay of Fundy, Canada, including information on the systematics of Perkinsus parasites, infection and disease caused by Perkinsus, lesions associated with the parasite in smolt and growout (market weight) salmon, differentia...
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The presence of dendritic cells in fish is studied with immunohistochemistry using a commercially available antibody developed against Langerin/CD207 present in human Langerhans cells. Langerin/CD207, a protein known to be associated with the development of Birbeck granules in human and murine syste...
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Immune response to fish microsporidia is still unknown and there are current research trying to elucidate the events involved in the immune response to this parasite. There is evidence suggesting the role of innate immune response and it is clear that adaptive immunity plays an essential part for el...
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Infection of rainbow smelt Osmerus mordax with the microsporidian Glugea hertwigi was diagnosed for the first time in Prince Edward Island, Canada. The prevalence of infection was 24%, 45 infected out of 187 examined fish captured in February and March 2009. Both large and small xenomas of G. hertwi...
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The intracellular microsporidian parasite Loma salmonae affects salmonids of the genus Oncorhynchus and is a significant cause of economic losses in pen-reared Chinook salmon (O. tshawytscha) in British Columbia. Loma salmonae infection is easily recognized by the xenomas that form in the gills, but...
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In contrast to mammalian therapeutics, the use of pharmaceutical substances is rather limited in fish. It is basically restricted to anaesthetic agents and anti-infective agents for parasitic and microbial diseases. Anaesthetic agents are used primarily in fish farm and laboratory settings to provid...
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Pond-reared channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus with proliferative gill disease (PGD), caused by the myxozoan parasite Henneguya spp., were examined with light and transmission electron microscopy to better characterize the inflammatory response during infection. The early stages of disease are char...
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Lepeophtheirus salmonis is capable of causing severe damage to Atlantic salmon and this study was conducted to examine the physiological response of salmon to the stress of sea lice infestation. Smoltified salmon were acclimatized in 30% saltwater and exposed to high levels of lice infestation. The ...
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We studied the morphology and occurrence of splenic Langerhans-like (LL) cells in species representing 11 orders of ray-finned fishes, Actinopterygii. LL cells were frequent in spleen tissue of species among Cypriniformes, Esociformes, Salmoniformes, and Pleuronectiformes. These cells contained gran...
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Two distinct monoclonal antibodies (MAB) were prepared for testing with kidney, spleen, and retrobulbar tissue imprints made from chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) affected with plasmacytoid leukemia. (PL). Hybridomas were prepared from mice immunized with whole and lysed cells purified from...
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Physiological, immunological and biochemical parameters of blood and mucus, as well as skin histology, were compared in 3 salmonid species (rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and coho salmon O. kisutch) following experimental infection with sea lice Lepeophtheirus salmoni...
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Loma salmonae is an intracellular obligate parasite of farmed chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawtscha) and is the causative agent for microsporidial gill disease (MGD). The infection occurs mainly in secondary gill lamellae, with the formation of large white spore-laden xenomas within the endothelia...
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Cytokine genes in fish -- Environmental effects on the ontogeny of non-specific and specific defenses in turbot larvae -- Antibacterial proteins in skin mucus from rainbow trout -- Interferon-induced genes in the rainbow trout -- IPN recombinant vaccines -- DNA vaccination during low temperature and...