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Researchers have been examining barriers and challenges for women in leadership positions from a variety of perspectives since the 1980's when the "glass ceiling" concept was coined. More recently researchers have been examining whether women are being placed in precarious leadership positions. Rya...
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Despite the fact that women constitute almost one-half of the current workforce and comprise the majority of university graduates, senior management positions continue to be filled predominately by men. Although there are many reasons for this situation, one barrier in particular influences the abil...
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Prince Edward Island (PEI) is facing significant decreases in population and resulting labour force based on current labour force dynamics. Projections show that Prince Edward Island has aging population and fewer births, leading to a shrinking population base from which to draw on for the labour fo...
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Mental illness has become one of the leading reasons for absenteeism in Canadian workplaces. Employers are challenged to become more aware, educated, and active about mental illness in order to assist employees with workplace accommodations. In the 2006 report by Kirby and Keon, stigma was highlight...
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The bulk of research on expatriate assignments has been focused on traditional expatriate assignments which typically involves a timeframe of over a year or more. Research has shown that the traditional expatriate assignments are plagued by high costs, high failure rates, and low rates of retention....
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Deficiencies in a number of key human resource-related areas have been identified as potential threats to the Canadian biotechnology sector's success. Given its importance as an emerging industry and, its pressing needs relative to leadership and human resource (HR) practice development, the biotech...
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Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are becoming more and more common practice in business, but have varied results. M&As are at the forefront in the biotech industry as firms look at ways to increase their pipeline or grow sales to improve shareholder value. Since R&D expenditures among biotech firms is...
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International student populations have been growing in Prince Edward Island over the past number of years. With declining population and demographic issues looming over Atlantic Canada, international students, with their high degree of acculturation and local credentials, provide an excellent source...
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Executive Summary: Labour markets in Canada continue to be affected by three principle forces of change, namely globalization of competition, technological advances, and changes in the demographic structure of the workplace (Maxell & Saunders, 2003). Elizabeth Beale, President of the Atlantic Provin...
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Psychological harassment in the workplace comes in a number of forms, from sexual harassment to workplace bullying. No matter what the situation in which these destructive actions are manifested, it is always based on an instigators need for power and control (Lockwood, Rosenthal & Budjnaovcanin, 20...
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Since the introduction of instant messaging programs in the mid-1990s, the use of social media tools has grown exponentially. As popular social networking Web sites such as Facebook and MySpace become more prevalent, employers and employees alike, are faced with a new reality – dealing with an inc...
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Although there has been extensive research about managing the costs of health and benefit plans, there has been little focus on preventative approaches such as healthy workplaces. To date, the research has focused on the reasons why organizations should take a proactive approach. However, there h...
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Workplace bullying is costing organizations millions if not more each year. The costs associated with workplace bullying come from loss of productivity, legal settlements and loss of good employees who have been bullied and chose to leave the organization. Workplace bullying has negative effects on ...
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The need for a country to innovate has always been important to ensure a growing economy, but with the continued progress towards globalization there has been increased emphasis on the development of a knowledge economy driven by innovation. Two recent documents, Mobilizing Science and Technology to...
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The movement towards knowledge-based societies makes human capital a critical success factor for sustained growth and development. Thus, Canada utilizes its immigration initiatives as tools for nation-building and talent acquisition. Poor domestic growth rate, steady decline in working age populatio...
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Privacy in Canadian society has changed over the past several decades. With the development of computer technologies, the creation of new communication mediums, and the invention of increasingly sophisticated surveillance mechanisms, more personal information and data on our daily activities is bein...
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This exploratory study examines barriers of using evidence-based decision making practices by trained evidence-based managers within their organizations. Literature written on the concept of Evidence based Management (EBMgt) identifies three barriers; (a) organizational culture, (b) EBMgt education,...
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The maternal wall bias which is triggered by motherhood is by far one of the strongest forms of gender bias. In Canada, on average, women earn 19 percent less than men (Gender Income Gap, 2013). Worse yet, it was found that mothers compared to other women, are not only offered an average of $11,000 ...
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Transformational leadership has become the most empirically studied and applied leadership theory over the past 20 years. Scholars have been drawing attention to the fact that the factor of idealized influence or charisma in transformational leadership may have a positive or negative impact on the b...
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Evidence-based management (EBMgt) is a relatively new and emerging movement in management theory, and modeled after evidence-based medicine (Briner, Denyer, & Rousseau, 2009). Interest in the topic appears to be gaining momentum, with an increasing amount of literature being published each year. How...
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This study discusses the gender biases that appear in popular press business books written by both female and male authors. These books have been published within the past five years, and have been listed in The 100 Best Business Books of All Time. Using discourse analysis and a theoretical framewor...
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This paper discusses the growing level of interest both businesses and the public have in corporate social responsibility (CSR) and they ways in which businesses operate from a CSR perspective. Good CSR is becoming an integral component to company image and success. The problem, however, is in under...
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Employee engagement has become an important measure of employee performance and it has been linked to higher overall firm performance outcomes. Studies have shown that employee engagement may be impacted by both organizational culture and ethical workplace climate. For example, organizational cultur...
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The potential benefits of promoting women entering into non-traditional occupations, specifically underemployed or unemployed women, could prove to be dramatically beneficial on a number of socio-economic levels for Canadians, and more, specifically Prince Edward Islanders. The Women’s Network of ...
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Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) represent a key driver of economic prosperity in Prince Edward Island. Local SME owners also represent an aging demographic group, and the need to facilitate the successful transition to a new generation of SME owners is recognized as a major local econom...