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Four hundred eighty mature marine mussels (Mytilus edulis) were collected in late April from a mussel lease in an estuary in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Squash preparations made of reproductive gland (mantle) tissue of each mussel were stained with Wright-Giemsa stain and were examined by one inve...
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Sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis ), ectoparasites of salmonids, are creating concern within the aquaculture industry of Canada. The prophylactic agent of choice to treat for these parasites is dichlorvos. Larval, juvenile, and adult lobsters (Homarus americanus ), species of zooplankton, species of...
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Long-term elution tailing of organic contaminants, often observed when water or air is used to flush contaminated porous media, has been attributed to several factors. Characterization of this tailing behaviour through the quantitative analysis of multiple coupled factors is necessary to enhance our...
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Examination over a period of 72 hours from inoculation showed that lesions developed first in astrocytes. where nucleolar changes. the appearance of three types of inclusion bodies, virus antigen and virus particles preceded cell degeneration and virus release. Less numerous inclusions were found in...
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Current understanding of the etiopathogenesis of infectious salmon anemia (ISA) virus (ISAV) infection in fish comes mostly from virus detection in homogenized tissues taken from ISA-suspected mortalities. This study combined in situ hybridization (ISH) and histology to demonstrate viral RNA transcr...
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Domoic acid (DOM), the toxin involved in amnesic shellfish poisoning, was presented to live mussels (at 5 degree C, 28 ppt) in dissolved form (125 nM) and as food encapsulated in liposomes. Less than 1% of dissolved DOM and up to 6% of food-borne DOM was incorporated into mussel tissues. DOM absorbe...
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Visceral and systemic infection with a Dermocystidium -like organism was diagnosed recently in post-seawater entry smolts of Atlantic salmon farmed in the Bay of Fundy. In late summer and early fall, young fish developed "black smolt" disease, characterized by anorexia, lethargy and black skin. Para...
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A report of the first elver that have been captured in the St. Lawrence Gulf, away from the river mouth, is presented. The 2 elvers were caught on 12 May 1978. They measured 53 and 36 mm respectively, and as no dorsal or mediolateral pigmentation was present it was affirmed that they had not yet rea...
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A collection of lymnaeid snails in Montana, USA, was made over a 3 year period, in conjunction with a state-wide survey of the distribution of liver flukes. Collection areas were selected based on reports of infected cattle, sheep or wildlife, and with the intent of covering all geographical regions...
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Observations were carried out on the catches of 2 fixed fishing gears in the upper estuary of the St-Lawrence during the 1974 season (June-Oct) as part of a programme for improving fixed fishing gears. The total catch of the experimental fishery was 18,034 (36 spp) and of the control, 5,367 (35 spp)...
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In the autumn of 2001, a self-administered mailed questionnaire was sent to fin fish recirculation facilities in the United States and Canada to examine the extent of biosecurity currently practiced in this sector of aquaculture. This paper describes the results of this survey (86% response rate). I...
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Host-pathogen interaction models in aquatic species are useful tools for understanding the pathogenicity of diseases in cultured and wild populations. In this study we report the differential in vivo response of soft-shell clam (Mya arenaria) hemocytes against two strains of Vibrio splendidus. Respo...
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Two unrelated cases of urticaria pigmentosa-like disease in the dog, characterized by multiple non-pigmented nodules and erythemic bullae of sporadic appearance and duration, were reviewed. Both dogs first showed signs at approximately 6 months of age, and there was no evidence of systemic involveme...
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Although the mollusc immune system has been studied at the cellular level, the response to pathogens at gene expression level has not been thoroughly investigated. This study aimed to investigate the early molecular response of hemocytes of soft-shell clams, Mya arenaria, to Vibrio splendidus strain...
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Domoic acid is a neurotoxic amino acid responsible for an outbreak of human food poisoning in late 1987 following consumption of contaminated blue mussels (Mytilus edulis L.) from eastern Prince Edward Island, Canada. In vitro techniques were used to examine the uptake of domoic acid by digestive gl...
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Ten Standard Poodles were evaluated for progressive symmetrical scaling and alopecic dermatosis. The skin disease occurred in young adult Standard Poodles, either black or apricot, and was characterized by progressive symmetrical non-pruritic scaling with associated partial alopecia which began on t...
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Serological examination of 533 Mephitis mephitis between December 1974 and July 1977 showed that the prevalence of serotype pomona was 11.4% and that it was higher in southern Alberta and adjacent areas of Saskatchewan than previously reported. Prevalence of antibodies among 94 skunk near an infecte...
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Glutamic acid (GA) and kainic acid (KA) are structurally related to domoic acid (DOM), a neurotoxic amino acid that caused human food poisoning in 1987, following consumption of toxic mussels (Mytilus edulis ) from Prince Edward Island, Canada. To study the difference in response of mussels to a phy...
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'Winter ulcer disease' is a problem in seawater salmonid aquaculture in Norway, Iceland and Scotland. The disease is associated with low water temperatures (<6-8 degree C) and is characterized by shallow ulcers on scale covered tissue that may progressively deepen and penetrate muscular layers. M...
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Chloramine-T is a commonly used therapeutic agent for the treatment of bacterial gill disease and related phenomena in the salmonid aquaculture industry. There is little known about its effects on healthy fish. Using a 24-tank replicate growth assay system, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) (avera...
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