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In the present study the pathogenesis of experimental infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) infection in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1972) and Atlantic salmon Salmo salar was compared. The virus infection in the 2 species demonstrated different mortality patterns and pathology chara...
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Severe ulcerative, necrotizing bacterial dermatitis, panniculitis and myositis occurred in at least 6 Atlantic salmon cage sites in New Brunswick in 1990. Mortality was due to invasion by opportunistic bacteria, or osmotic failure due to excessive ulceration. Mortality up to 10% on individual cages ...
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The cause of death in a postsmolt, Atlantic salmon population with elevated levels of mortalities was investigated. Diagnosis of a rickettsia-like organism was based on gross pathology, histopathology, differential staining, electron microscopy and fluorescent antibody tests. The course of the infec...
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Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) was isolated from farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) associated with an outbreak of haemorrhagic kidney syndrome in the Bay of Fundy, Canada. The virus induced cytopathic effects in salmon head kidney cell line SHK-1 from Atlantic salmon and was positively co...
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Current understanding of the etiopathogenesis of infectious salmon anemia (ISA) virus (ISAV) infection in fish comes mostly from virus detection in homogenized tissues taken from ISA-suspected mortalities. This study combined in situ hybridization (ISH) and histology to demonstrate viral RNA transcr...
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Pigmented salmon syndrome is described in this review. It is a non-infectious haemolytic anaemia with associated clinical jaundice of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), caused by exposure to a combination of chemical pollutants. The disease has been restricted to the migrating adult Atlantic salmon popu...
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This report describes the clinical and histopathological features of infectious salmon anaemia virus infection in salt water farmed Atlantic salmon in the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, in the late summer of 1997. The virus was isolated from several sites by culture on SHK-1 cells and confirmed by mon...
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In 1999, disease outbreaks in juvenile Atlantic cod Gadus morhua that showed the classic signs of viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER) were reported in Nova Scotia. Brain and retinal tissues from moribund cod showed diffuse degenerative vacuolative encephalopathy and degenerative histiocytic r...
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Visceral and systemic infection with a Dermocystidium -like organism was diagnosed recently in post-seawater entry smolts of Atlantic salmon farmed in the Bay of Fundy. In late summer and early fall, young fish developed "black smolt" disease, characterized by anorexia, lethargy and black skin. Para...
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The present study describes culture, virulence and antigenic characteristics of a Rickettsiales-like organism (RLO) associated with mortality in farmed Atlantic salmon in eastern Canada. Clinical disease was reproduced in naive Atlantic salmon parr by intraperitoneal i.p. inoculation with kidney hom...
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The applicability of counter-immunoelectrophoresis (CIE) as an assay technique for the detection of precipitating antibody to R. salmoninarum (BKD) in the serum of chinook salmon ( Oncorhynchus tshawytscha ) was explored. Soluble antigen preparations of R. salmoninarum were obtained by precipitatio...
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A large-scale mortality of larval and juvenile halibut Hippoglossus hippoglossus occurred at a semi-commercial halibut farm in Atlantic Canada. Investigation of the cause revealed aquareovirus particles in necrotic liver tissue of affected fish. Cytopathic effect on CHSE-214 cell lines occurred from...
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Utilization of finfish and aquatic invertebrates in biomedical research and as environmental sentinels has grown dramatically in recent decades. Likewise the aquaculture of finfish and invertebrates has expanded rapidly worldwide as populations of some aquatic food species and threatened or endanger...
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A massive fish kill affecting exclusively common carp (Cyprinus carpio carpio) in the St. Lawrence River, Quebec, Canada, during the summer of 2001 was investigated by use of laboratory diagnostic methods and by an attempt to experimentally induce the disease. The ultimate causes of mortality were o...
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The factors affecting the horizontal transmission of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) among naive Atlantic salmon Salmo salar maintained in freshwater were examined. The ratio of injected to naive cohabitants was varied and mortality was monitored. Whether ISAV transmission in freshwater requi...
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Infection by a microsporidian of the genus Loma was found in gills of cod Gadus morhua. Xenomas contained parasites in multiple stages of development. Some spores looked empty and had everted polar tubes, which were either straight or coiled. These polar tubes were scattered throughout the xenoma cy...
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This case report provides pathologic and confirmatory molecular characterization of an outbreak of bumper car disease caused by the scuticociliate Anophryoides haemophila in American lobster Homarus americanus, from a commercial holding facility in Nova Scotia, Canada. Although sporadically and anec...
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In this study the involvement of several humoral immune parameters of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) were studied in granuloma formed as a result of infection by Aeromonas salmonicida ssp. achomogenes. The results showed a clear association of immune parameters within the granuloma, in particular th...
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Spores identified as Myxobolus neurobius were found in head homogenates of both wild young Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus . Formalin-preserved spores from Atlantic salmon measured an average of 12.9 x 9.4 mu m and contained two polar capsules that measured 6.4 x 2.9 m...