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The article discusses the carnivorous plant the Purple Pitcher Plant, or Sarracenia purpurea L., on Prince Edward Island. It focuses on research at the University of Prince Edward Island (UPEI) on the Purple Pitcher Plant, noting its presence in bogs such as the Glenfinnan Bog. The author comments o...
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Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. produces two morphologically different forms of leaves based on whether they are aerial or aquatic. The objective of this study was to determine whether there are any similarities or differences between these two growth forms during their early stages of develop...
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The floral development of Syngonium angustatum is analysed in the context of a recently published molecular phylogeny of the Araceae. The initiation of discoid floral primordia occurs acropetally on the surface of the inflorescence. Female flowers, atypical bisexual flowers, sterile male flowers and...
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Background The floral development of Dieffenbachia seguine (N. J. Jacquin) Schott is analysed in relation to the molecular phylogeny of the Spathicarpae by Cusimano et al. (Am J Bot 98:654–668, 2011). Results The initiation of discoid floral primordia occurs acropetally on the surface of the sp...
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Background and Aims The mature morphology of most plants can usually be said to consist of three mutually exclusive organs: leaves, stems, and roots. The vast majority of mature morphologies may be easily grouped into one of these mutually exclusive categories. However, during very early stages of ...
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The Gulf of St. Lawrence aster, Symphyotrichum laurentianum (Fernald) G.L. Nesom (Asteraceae), a small annual halophyte endemic to disturbed and highly transient habitats in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, is classified as “threatened” by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. L...
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This study presents a survey of the species of the Araceae where extracellular production of calcium oxalate crystals has been observed and discusses the patterns of production of the crystals in different genera. For all Araceae studied using SEM, the oxalate crystals exuding on the epidermal surfa...
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In addition to two opposite cotyledons, germinating seedlings of V. riparia and Vitis cv. Vivant display two other phyllotactic patterns: (1) immediately following the emergence of the cotyledons, leaves are initiated individually in a spiral pattern, usually 2/5; (2) upon the initiation of the firs...
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Homeosis is defined as the complete or partial replacement of one part of an organism with another part. Double-flowered cultivars of H. rosa-sinensis display a divergent floral morphology that appears to fit the criteria for homeosis. The corolla of single flowered cultivars is pentamerous. Mature ...
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The Gulf of St. Lawrence aster, Symphyotrichum laurentianum (Fernald) Nesom is listed as “threatened” according to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). This rare halophyte is found in only a few locations in New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and the Magdalen...
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The larval stages of the cynipid wasp Diplolepis rosaefolii induce the formation of single-chambered, lenticular galls on the leaves of the wild shrub rose, Rosa virginiana. The development of galls induced by D. rosaefolii was studied using light and scanning electron microscopy. The gall consists ...
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The Gulf of St. Lawrence aster, Symphyotrichum laurentianum (Fernald) G.L. Nesom (Asteraceae), a small annual halophyte endemic to disturbed and highly transient habitats in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, is classified as "threatened" by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Lepid...
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The upland hardwood component of Prince Edward Island's Acadian forest is among the best remaining examples of the precolonial landscape, but it has been severely fragmented during the past 300 years of human use and settlement. Despite the ecological importance of this remnant habitat and its level...
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In Philodendron, pistillate flowers are initiated on the proximal portion of the inflorescence and staminate flowers are initiated on the distal portion. Between the staminate and pistillate flowers, there is a transition zone consisting of sterile male flowers adjacent to the male zone and a row of...
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Background and Aims The inflorescence of Philodendron constitutes an interesting morphological model to analyse the phenomenon of homeosis quantitatively at the floral level. The specific goals of this study were (1) to characterize and quantify the range of homeotic transformation in Philodendron ...
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Recent advances in molecular genetics are prompting developmental plant morphologists to refine the theoretical context of their field. For example, at the level of the action of certain developmental genes, the distinction between recognized structural categories (i.e., stem and leaf) are not obvio...
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This study deals specifically with floral organogenesis and the development of the inflorescence of Philodendron ornatum. The development of the inflorescence of P. ornatum can be divided into two morphogenetic phases: (i) before and (ii) after the initiation of the floral organs. Before the initiat...
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In the spadix of Caladium, there is a clearly recognizable intermediate zone consisting of sterile male flowers. The transition between the female zone and the male sterile zone is more or less abrupt. During the early stages of development of the inflorescence, a few atypical bisexual flowers betwe...
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The leaves initiated at successive nodes in the heteroblastic series in Leea guineensis seedlings become progressively more complex in construction. Leaves at the first four nodes are simple and are followed by transitional forms between nodes 5 and 7. These transitional leaf forms are compound in n...
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A comparative developmental study of the compound leaves Ailanthus altissima, Lupinus polyphyllus, Fraxinus americana, Rhus typhina and the highly dissected leaves of Achillea millefolium, was initiated to document the changes in form that lateral elements (leaflets/lobes) undergo at later stages in...