Results

1 - 25 of 26
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Farmed fish provide an increasing fraction of the human food supply, and are of major economic importance in many countries. As in the case of terrestrial agriculture, bringing together large numbers of animals of a single species (i.e., monoculture) increases the risk of infectious disease outbreak...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Background: Piscine reovirus (PRV) is a newly discovered fish reovirus of anadromous and marine fish ubiquitous among fish in Norwegian salmon farms, and likely the causative agent of heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI). HSMI is an increasingly economically significant disease in Atlantic ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Abstact: Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) is a serious disease of marine-farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) caused by ISA virus (ISAV), which belongs to the genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae. ISA is caused by virulent ISAV strains with deletions in a highly polymorphic region (HPR) of the hem...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus (ISAV) is a fish orthomyxovirus that has recently been assigned to the new genus Isavirus within the family Orthomyxoviridae. It possesses the major functional characteristics of the virus family including haemagglutinating, receptor destroying enzyme (RDE), and...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Current understanding of the etiopathogenesis of infectious salmon anemia (ISA) virus (ISAV) infection in fish comes mostly from virus detection in homogenized tissues taken from ISA-suspected mortalities. This study combined in situ hybridization (ISH) and histology to demonstrate viral RNA transcr...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV), an orthomyxovirus-like virus, is an important fish pathogen in marine aquaculture. Virus neutralization of 24 ISAV isolates in the TO cell line using rabbit antisera to the whole virus and comparative sequence analysis of their haemagglutinin (HA) genes have a...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Adult obese (fa/fa) Zucker rats hypersecrete insulin in response to glucose and other secretagogues. Functional changes in islet alpha 2-adrenoceptors (8) and glycolytic regulation (9) have been reported. In this study, the development of these biochemical lesions in islets isolated from suckling (3...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Infectious salmon anemia (ISA) virus (ISAV), an economically important new pathogen in marine aquaculture, is classified in the family Orthomyxoviridae, genus Isavirus. The main structural properties of this genus include enveloped virions 90-140 nm in diameter with surface projections of a combined...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
BACKGROUND: Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus (ISAV), which causes ISA in marine-farmed Atlantic salmon, is an orthomyxovirus belonging to the genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae. ISAV agglutinates erythrocytes of several fish species and it is generally accepted that the ISAV receptor destr...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The phenotypic correlates of pathogenicity for Infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) in salmonid fishes have not been thoroughly studied to date. In this study, a comparison was made of 13 different strains of ISAV, isolated from different geographical regions between 1997 and 2004, for their infect...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV), a member of the family Orthomyxoviridae, is an important fish pathogen in marine aquaculture in the Northern Hemisphere. The pathogenesis of ISAV infection at the cellular level is not well studied. We investigated three permissive cell lines for ISAV, (SHK-1,...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) is a highly fatal viral disease affecting marine-farmed Atlantic salmon which is caused by ISA virus (ISAV), a fish orthomyxovirus that has recently been assigned to the new genus Isavirus within the family Orthomyxoviridae. Mx proteins are among the interferon (IFN)-...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Adrenalectomy prevents development of obesity and hyperinsulinaemia in obese (fa/fa) Zucker rats, thereby implicating the hypothalamo- pituitary-adrenal axis in the pathogenesis of obesity. In this study glucose-induced insulin secretion and glucokinase activity were investigated in isolated islets ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The isolation of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) from asymptomatic wild fish species including wild salmon, sea trout and eel established that wild fish can be a reservoir of ISAV for farmed Atlantic salmon. This report characterizes the biological properties of ISAV isolated from a disease o...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Our objective was to determine if a cafeteria-type diet with increased fat content would block the decrease in insulin secretion induced by adrenalectomy in obese rats. Five week old Zucker (fa/fa) rats were adrenalectomized. One week later, half of the adrenalectomized groups, and age-matched, sham...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Two viruses, infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus and a novel togavirus-like virus, were isolated from ISA disease outbreaks that were first reported as a new syndrome, haemorrhagic kidney syndrome (HKS) affecting farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. on the East coast of Canada. Laboratory confirm...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
In this study the glucose responsiveness of isolated, overnight-cultured islets of obese LA/N-corpulent (cp/cp) rats was compared with glucose phosphorylating activity to determine whether changes in the function of glucokinase could be identified. Islets from both male and female cp/cp rats showed ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV), a pathogen in marine aquaculture, belongs to the genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae. There is limited information on how ISAV interacts with host defences. To study ISAV-antibody interactions, virus neutralization (VN) assays were performed in the cell li...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) is a member of the family Orthomyxoviridae. Hybridization using riboprobes of segments 6 and 8 and histology were combined in situ to demonstrate the tissues that harbour ISAV during the clinical phase of ISAV infection in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) The c...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
BACKGROUND: Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus (ISAV), an important pathogen of fish that causes disease accompanied by high mortality in marine-farmed Atlantic salmon, is the only species in the genus Isavirus, one of the five genera of the Orthomyxoviridae family. The Isavirus genome consists o...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Antibody detection tests are rarely used for diagnostic purposes in fish diseases. Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) caused by ISA virus (ISAV) is an emerging disease of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. The virus has also been isolated from diseased coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch in Chile. An indirect...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Teleost fish represent a transition point on the phylogenetic spectrum between invertebrates that depend only on innate immunity and mammals that heavily depend on adaptive immunity. The major mechanisms of the teleost fish innate immune response are suggested to be similar to mammals, although fine...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The objectives of this study were to document the effects of moderate aerobic exercise on insulin secretion and other metabolic indices in fa/fa rats and to determine if a high-fat (HF) diet altered these effects. Six-week-old fa/fa and lean Zucker rats were either sedentary or exercised by daily sw...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The objective of this study was to evaluate the application of a TaqMan® real-time reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) assay for the detection of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) fish tissues from Atlantic salmon Salmo salar with and without clinical ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
BACKGROUND: Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) is a viral disease of marine-farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) caused by ISA virus (ISAV), which belongs to the genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae. The virus is considered to be carried by marine wild fish and for over 25 years has caused major dis...