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Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world, and its prevalence is expected to increase appreciably in the coming decades. As such, more research is necessary to understand the etiology, progression and possible preventative measures to delay or to stop the development of this dis...
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Ribonucleotide reductase is a highly regulated activity responsible for reducing ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides, which are required for DNA synthesis and DNA repair. We have tested the hypothesis that malignant cell populations contain alterations in signal pathways important in controlling...
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Regulation of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is crucial to regulate extracellular matrix (ECM) proteolysis which is important in metastasis. This study investigated the mechanism(s) by which three flavonoid-enriched fractions from lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) down-regulate MMP a...
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Oncostatin M (OSM) is a growth and differentiation factor which has been shown to exert both stimulatory and inhibitory effects on tissue invasion in various cell lines. Tissue invasion is a key marker of metastases and can be monitored by examining activities associated with ECM degradation such as...
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In the present study, the expression and the regulation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) was examined in a series of oncogene transformed cell lines. The expression of both ODC and SAMDC was found to correlate with the nature of the oncogene expressed a...
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We compared the nucleosomal organization, histone H1 subtypes, and histone H1 phosphorylated isoforms of ras-transformed and parental 10T1/2 mouse fibroblasts. In agreement with previous studies, we found that ras-transformed mouse fibroblasts have a less condensed chromatin structure than normal fi...
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Natural 'bioactive' factors have the ability to attenuate atherogenesis in in vitro and in vivo models. The effects of cranberry on the expression of two inflammation-linked enzymes, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), were examined in aortic smooth muscle ...
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Matrix metalloproteinase expression was examined in a series of mammalian cell lines of varying degrees of malignant progression, The expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 was found to correlate with ras-mediated cellular transformation and as a function of malignant potential. Altered MMP-2 and MMP-9 expre...
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The reduction of ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides, a rate-limiting step in DNA synthesis, is catalyzed by ribonucleotide reductase. This enzyme is composed of two components, M1 and M2. Recent work has shown that inhibition of ribonucleotide reductase by the antitumor drug hydroxyurea leads t...
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Alterations in cellular growth are important in the progression of malignant disease. Cell growth regulation by tumour promoters can be complex. The present study demonstrates a novel link between alterations in phorbol ester tumour promoter mediated regulation during malignant conversion and the ex...
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Each year, potato late blight [Phytophthora erythroseptica] and pink rot [PhytolAthora erythroscptica] are responsible for significant postharvest economic losses. Because of restrictions on the use of synthetic fungicides on food, there is Currently a need for less toxic, disease-controlling compou...
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Previous investigations have indicated that the suppression of proliferation by transforming growth factor (TGF) beta-1 is often lost upon cellular transformation, and that proliferation of some tumors is stimulated by TGF-beta. The present study provides the first observation of a link between TGF-...
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We have tested the hypothesis that H-ras transformed cells contain alterations in signal pathways important in controlling the expression of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the highly regulated rate-limiting activity in the biosynthesis of polyamines. Mouse 10T1/2 fibroblasts and a series of 10T1/2 H...
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Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) expression was investigated in NIH-3T3 fibroblasts that secrete K-FGF. Correlations between altered ODC and SAMDC expression and malignant potential were determined. Increased ODC and SAMDC expression was associated with in...
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The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are thought to play key roles in tumour formation and malignant progression. The present study demonstrates alterations in the regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression in response to the phorbol ester tumour promoter, PMA, in a H-ras transforme...
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An expression vector was constructed in which TGF-beta-1 was placed under the control of the metallothionein promoter. Cys223 and Cys225 in the TGF-beta-1 propeptide were converted to serines, mutations which result in dissociation of the pro-peptide and secretion of bioactive TGF-beta-1 [Brunner,A....
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This study demonstrates a novel link between alterations in platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) regulation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) expression during malignant conversion. H-ras-transformed cell lines exhibited PDGF-mediated alterations in ODC gene expression. These alterations involved tr...
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Regulation of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), the major mediators of extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation, is crucial to regulate ECM proteolysis, which is important in metastasis. This study examined the effects of 3 flavonoid-enriched fractions (a crude fraction, an anthocyanin-enriched fr...
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Proanthocyanidin-rich extracts were prepared by fractionation of the fruit of the North American cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon). In vitro growth inhibition assays in eight tumor cell lines showed that selected fractions inhibited the growth of H460 lung tumors, HT-29 colon and K562 leukemia cells...
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