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Marine diterpene glycosides (MDGs) respresent a small but highly significant group of the much larger class of marine diterpenes. The three well-studied examples of MDGs are eleutherobins, pseudopterosins and fuscosides, all of which exhibit extremely promising biological activity. The eleutherobins...
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A new dilophol diterpene, eunicidiol (1), has been isolated from the crude extract of Eunicea fusca, a gorgonian coral collected from Hillsboro Ledge, Florida. This compound was purified, along with fuscol (2) and eunicol (3), using a combination of normal- and reversed-phase chromatography methods....
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Pseudopterosins and pseudopteroxazole are intriguing marine natural products that possess notable antimicrobial activity with a commensurate lack of cytotoxicity. New semi-synthetic pseudopteroxazoles, pseudopteroquinoxalines and pseudopterosin congeners along with simple synthetic mimics of the ter...
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Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) play an essential role in maintaining the proper tyrosine phosphorylation state of proteins. Abnormal tyrosine phosphorylation has been implicated in diseases as diverse as type 2 diabetes, cancer, immune disorders and neurological disorders, and thus inhibitors ...
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Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae is a common inhabitant of Caribbean reefs and is a well-known source of diterpenes with diverse biological activities. Notably, this octocoral is the sole source of the pseudopterosin family of anti-inflammatory diterpenes and is harvested to supply commercial demand fo...
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Satosporins A and B, two novel glucosylated polyketides, were isolated from the actinomycete Kitasatospora griseolaMF730-N6. The polyketides possess an unprecedented tricyclic ring system that was fully characterized using a combination of spectroscopic analyses and computational calculations. Satos...
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Four new steroidal glycosides, acanthifoliosides G-J (1-4), were isolated as minor constituents from the Caribbean marine sponge Pandaros acanthifolium. These metabolites are characterized by a highly oxygenated D ring and the presence of a disaccharide rhamnose-glucose residue and a rhamnose at pos...
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Westerdykella reniformis Ebead & Overy sp. nov. is described based on morphology and phylogenetic analyses using ITS, nLSU rDNA, and β-tubulin gene sequences. Westerdykella reniformis is characterized by the production of cleistothecioid ascomata, containing small globose to subglobose asci with 32...
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A new lipopeptide, cystargamide (1) was isolated from the fermentation broth of the actinomycete Kitasatospora cystarginea. The bacterial strain was selected from a set of 12 Kitasatospora spp. using a secondary metabolomics approach combining liquid chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry ...
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Due to a rate increase in the resistance of microbial pathogens to currently used antibiotics, there is a need in society for the discovery of novel antimicrobials. Historically, fungi are a proven source for antimicrobial compounds. The main goals of this study were to investigate the fungal divers...
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A novel degradative route to pregnanes has been elucidated in the marine sponge Araphimedon compressa. 22-Dehydrosterols, common in the diet of sponges, are the precursors to pregnanes and apparently are degraded by a mechanism analogous to the dealkylation of phytosterols to cholesterol.
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Gorgonian corals have proven to be a prolific source of a variety of biologically active terpenes. Corals of the genus Plexaurella are known to be the source of a diverse array of sesquiterpenes, and past reports have indicated variability in terpene content. This study involved an examination of th...
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The ecteinascidins are a family of tetrahydroisoquinoline alkaloids isolated from the tunicate Ecteinascidia turbinata. Ecteinascidin 743 is a candidate for the treatment of several human cancers. Ecteinascidins have been shown to kill tumor cells in vitro, inhibit tumor growth in vivo, suppress all...
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The close association between marine invertebrates, zooxanthellae, and numerous bacteria gives rise to the question of the identity of the actual producer of secondary metabolites. In fall of 2005, a widespread bleaching event occurred throughout the Caribbean Sea in which some colonies of the gorgo...
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The fatty acid synthase from Bugula neritina has been purified 100-fold using ammonium sulfate precipitation, ion-exchange and size exclusion chromatography. The purified enzyme has a molecular weight of approximately 382,000 Da, as judged by gel filtration. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under ...
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Cyclobutenbriarein A (2), a novel class of C20-rearranged diterpene briarane possessing an unprecedented tricyclo[8.4.0.0(3,6)]tetradec-4-ene ring system was isolated, along with five new briarane diterpenoids (1 and 3-6), from the organic extracts of the Bahamian gorgonian Briareum asbestinum. The ...
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Marine invertebrates have proven to be a rich source of secondary metabolites. The growing recognition that marine microorganisms associated with invertebrate hosts are involved in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites offers new alternatives for the discovery and development of marine natural p...