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Delivery is a stressful and risky event menacing the newborn. The mother-dependent respiration has to be replaced by autonomous pulmonary breathing immediately after delivery. If delayed, it may lead to deficient oxygen supply compromising survival and development of the central nervous system. Lack...
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Our objective was to characterize the neurotoxic actions of systemically administered domoic acid on different excitatory amino acid receptors, and to compare the receptor selectivity of domoate with the related compound kainic acid. Groups of mice were injected with various ligands selective for N-...
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The effect of systemic administration of domoic acid, a potent structural analogue of kainic acid, on the mouse hippocampus has been studied using light and electron microscopic techniques. Intraperitoneal injections of either domoic acid (4 mg/kg) or kainic acid (32 mg/kg) produced a series of beha...
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The local anesthetic lidocaine was injected into the lateral hypothalamus (LH) of awake, freely moving rats immediately prior to pain testing with either the formalin or the foot-flick test. Regional anesthesia of the LH resulted in a significant bilateral reduction of pain scores in the formalin te...
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Developing new therapeutants for stroke requires animal models in which typical stroke outcomes can be detected. In rats, temporary occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAo) closely resembles reversible human ischemic stroke, but most neuroprotection studies have used limited, short-term (1-2 w...
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Historically, all commercially available kainic acid has been derived from a single biological source using a consistent method of extraction and purification. That source became unavailable in 1995. Recently, three new commercial suppliers of kainic acid have made the product available, but the sou...
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The role of alpha 1 receptors in antinociception was investigated in the formalin test, a well established test of tonic pain. The effect of systemic injections of selective alpha 1-adrenergic agonists (phenylephrine and methoxamine), a mixed alpha agonist selective for alpha 2 receptors (ST-91), an...
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New neurons are continuously generated in the hippocampus and may play an important role in many physiological and pathological conditions. Here we present evidence of cell proliferation and neurogenesis after a selective and transient excitotoxic injury to the hippocampal cornu ammonis 1 (CA1) area...
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Dose-response curves for clonidine-produced analgesia in rats were constructed using the tail-flick and formalin tests. Subsequently, the relative role of alpha 1 and alpha 2 receptors in clonidine analgesia in each of these tests was determined using systemic administration of vehicle controls, tol...
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Previous reports have suggested that tolerance to the antinociceptive effects of morphine does not develop in the formalin test. To re-examine these findings, morphine was administered via multiple injections or continuous infusion from 0 to 4 days prior to testing with either the formalin or tail-f...
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Mental and neurological disorders are increasingly prevalent and constitute a major societal and economic burden worldwide. Many of these diseases and disorders are characterized by progressive deterioration over time, that ultimately results in identifiable symptoms that in turn dictate therapy. D...
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It is well established that the developing brain is a highly dynamic environment that is susceptible to toxicity produced by a number of pharmacological, chemical and environmental insults. We report herein on permanent behavioural and morphological changes produced by exposing newborn rats to very ...