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Efficacy of levamisole was evaluated in a suspected levamisole-resistant population of Haemonchus contortus in the Louisiana State University sheep flock. The efficacy of netobimin also was evaluated against this population of Haemonchus. In trial 1, 5 lambs naturally infected with H contortus were ...
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Levamisole, morantel, fenbendazole, or ivermectin was administered at 2-week intervals from May 1 through Sept 14, 1985, to breeding ewes (20 ewes/drug) infected with various gastrointestinal nematodes. All ewes had fewer gastrointestinal nematode eggs per gram of feces (epg) after 2 treatments, com...
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A flock of 188 sheep was surveyed for cutaneous lesions that were noticed 3 days after shearing. On the basis of histologic features of the cyst wall, ie, association with sebaceous glands and lack of follicular structures or rete pegs, the cysts were classified as follicular cysts.
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A fixative composed of 1% w/v osmium tetroxide dissolved in a fluorocarbon (FC-72) was used to perfusion-fix rat blood vessels for this ultrastructural study. With non-aqueous fixation, the lumenal surfaces of endothelial cells in cardiac and skeletal muscles retained an extracellular coat which was...
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Caprine hemal nodes were studied by transmission electron microscopy after glutaraldehyde fixation and epoxy resin embedding. Hemal node macrophages were observed to be engaged in erythrophagocytosis. In the early stages of endocytosis, intact erythrocytes were contained in some of the heterophagic ...
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A syndrome characterized by anemia, erythrocyte dyscrasia, low body weight, and hypothyroidism was observed in 8 llamas (Lama glama). At initial examination (1 to 23 months of age; median, 7.5 months), llamas (3 males, 5 females) were markedly underweight (29 to 55 kg; median, 36 kg) and anemic (PCV...
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Physiological and ultrastructural assessment of changes in the walls of venules in the rat cremaster muscle after administration of histamine indicates that pericytes have essential roles in the normal functioning of venules during inflammation. Fluorescein-labelled albumin was used to quantitate ma...
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The ultrastructure of healthy skin mucus of Salmo salar was examined and the possible changes induced by infestation with Lepeophtheirus salmonis investigated. Until recently, there have been no methods for reliable preservation of fish skin mucus. A fixation method that uses a non-aqueous solvent a...
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Interleukin 2 (IL-2) mediates the regression of metastatic cancer, but its clinical use is limited by associated toxicities including hepatic dysfunction. To determine the mechanism for IL-2-induced hepatic dysfunction, we hypothesized that IL-2 activation of Kupffer cells causes leukocyte-endotheli...
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Neonatal and mature bovine lungs were examined ultrastructurally to quantitatively assess pericyte envelopment of gas exchange capillaries and proximities of pericyte margins to endothelial cell junctions. Pericytes were observed on 91% of the cross-sectioned capillary profiles examined, with 18 and...
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The leakage of macromolecules from the vasculature to the interstitium is greatly accentuated by mediators of edema such as histamine and bradykinin. The mechanism for this effect is not well delineated although many agents that affect smooth muscle tone may also affect macromolecular leakage. Leaka...
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Inability to preserve airway mucus in situ has limited our understanding of its structure and function. This light- and transmission electron-microscopic study of rat tracheal mucus used a nonaqueous fixative that retains mucus (epiphase) over a lucent layer (hypophase). The fixative is a 1% solutio...
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Monastral blue (MB) has been described as an inexpensive, nontoxic vascular label. Discrepancies as to its rate of removal from circulation and physiological side effects prompted this study in which retention time of MB in the vascular system and effects of MB upon arterial blood pressure with diff...
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This review highlights the contributions of recent pericyte research towards our understanding of normal and pathological functioning of microvessels. Pericytes are implicated in a variety of microvascular alterations, including wound healing, diabetes, inflammation, hypertension and neoplasia. They...
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A fixative composed of 1% w/v osmium tetroxide dissolved in a tluorocarbon (FC-72) was used to perfusion-fix rat blood vessels for this ultrastructural study. With non-aqueous fixation, the lumenal surfaces of endothelial cells in cardiac and skeletal muscles retained an extracellular coat which was...
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Interleukin-2 (IL-2) mediates regression of metastatic cancer, but its therapeutic efficacy has been limited by toxicities which occur secondarily to IL-2 induced macromolecular leakage from microvessels. Previous studies have indicated that pericytes function in an endothelial cell junction-depende...
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Immunotherapy with interleukin-2 (IL-2) is limited by severe side effects thought to be mediated by the activation of immune effector cells and the induction of secondary cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). In C3H/HeN mice the primary IL-2 to...
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