Place but not date of birth influences the ...

Description

Citation

Title Place but not date of birth influences the development and emergence of athletic talent in American football
Author(s) D. J. MacDonald, M. Cheung, J. Côté, B. Abernethy
Journal Journal of Applied Sport Psychology
Date 2009
Volume 21
Issue 1
Start page 80
End page 90
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the birthplace and relative age effects in National Football League (NFL) players. The place and date of birth of NFL players in the United States were analyzed with Monte Carlo simulations to determine if either factor was predictive of the probability of reaching the elite level in this sport. Consistent with previous findings on professional North American athletes in baseball, ice hockey, basketball, and golf, players born in cities with populations of less than 500,000 were significantly over-represented in the NFL, whereas players born in cities with populations over 500,000 were significantly under-represented. Unlike many other sports, no relative age effects were found for the NFL. Small cities, in particular, appeared to possess characteristics that facilitate the development and/or emergence of athletic talent in American football. Possible psychosocial factors mediating the birthplace effect are discussed as are implications for the development of sporting expertise.

Using APA 6th Edition citation style.

[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]

Times viewed: 342

Adding this citation to "My List" will allow you to export this citation in other styles.