Tumour promoter mediated altered expression and ...

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Title Tumour promoter mediated altered expression and regulation of ornithine decarboxylase and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase in H-ras-transformed fibrosarcoma cell lines
Author(s) D. Voskas, R. Mader, J. Lee, Robert A. R. Hurta
Journal Biochemistry and Cell Biology / Biochimie Et Biologie Cellulaire
Date 2001
Volume 79
Issue 1
Start page 69
End page 81
Abstract Alterations in cellular growth are important in the progression of malignant disease. Cell growth regulation by tumour promoters can be complex. The present study demonstrates a novel link between alterations in phorbol ester tumour promoter mediated regulation during malignant conversion and the expression of ornithine decarboxylase and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase, key rate-limiting and regulatory activities in the biosynthesis of polyamines. H-ras-transformed mouse 10 T 1/2 cell lines exhibiting increasing malignant potential were investigated for possible phorbol ester tumour promoter mediated changes in ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) gene expression. Selective induction of ODC and SAMDC gene expression was observed, since in contrast to nontransformed parental 10 T1/2 cells, ras-transformed cells capable of benign tumour formation (NR3 cells) and ras-transformed cells capable of metastasis formation (C2 cells) exhibited marked alterations in the levels of ODC and SAMDC gene expression. Increased ODC gene and SAMDC gene expression in response to phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) treatment was found to involve transcriptional events in both NR3 cells and in C2 cells. Post-transcriptional events also played a role in the regulation of ODC gene expression in NR3 cells and in C2 cells, and in the regulation of SAMDC gene expression in C2 cells but not in NR3 cells. In NR3 cells, alterations in ODC and in SAMDC gene expression was an event requiring de novo protein synthesis, whereas in highly malignant C2 cells, protein synthesis inhibition following cycloheximide treatment in cooperation with PMA resulted in an augmentation of both ODC and SAMDC gene expression. Evidence is presented to suggest that the PMA-mediated alterations in ODC and in SAMDC gene expression in NR3 cells and in C2 cells involved protein kinase C - mediated events. The status of the cellular polyamine levels was also an important determinant of the PMA-mediated alterations that occurred in ODC and in SAMDC expression in these H-ras transformed cells. Collectively, these results suggest that PMA can modulate ODC and SAMDC expression in H-ras transformed cells and that the mechanisms involved in the PMA- mediated regulation of ODC and SAMDC gene expression changes as a function of H-ras mediated cellular transformation and malignant progression. This study further suggests a mechanism of PMA stimulation of transformed cells wherein early alterations in the regulatory control of ODC and SAMDC gene expression are important and critical.

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