Use of cellulose acetate electrophoresis in the ...

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Title Use of cellulose acetate electrophoresis in the taxonomy of steinernematids (Rhabditida, Nematoda)
Author(s) G. B. Jagdale, R. Gordon, T. C. Vrain
Journal Journal of Nematology
Date 1996
Volume 28
Issue 3
Start page 301
End page 309
Abstract A steinernematid nematode was isolated from soil samples collected near St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada. On the basis of its morphometry and RFLPs in ribosomal DNA spacer, it was designated as a new strain, NF, of Steinernema feltiae. Cellulose acetate electrophoresis was used to separate isozymes of eight enzymes in infective juveniles of S. feltiae NF as well as four other isolates: S. feltiae Umea strain, S. feltiae LIC strain, Steinernema carpocapsae All strain, and Steinernema riobravis TX strain. Based on comparisons of the relative electrophoretic mobilities ( micro ) of the isozymes, one of the eight enzymes (arginine kinase) yielded zymograms that were distinctive for each of the isolates, except for the Umea and NF strains of S. feltiae, which had identical banding patterns. Four enzymes (fumarate hydratase, phospho-glucoisomerase, phospho-glucomutase, and 6-phospho-gluconate dehydrogenase) yielded isozyme banding patterns that were characteristic for all isolates, except for the LIC and NF strains of S. feltiae, which were identical. Two enzymes (aspartate amino transferase and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase) yielded zymograms that permitted S. carpocapsae All strain to be discriminated from the other four isolates, while the remaining enzyme (mannose-6-phosphate isomerase) was discriminatory for S. riobravis TX strain. Except for one enzyme, the isozyme banding pattern of the NF isolate of S. feltiae was the same as in the LIC strain, isolated 13 years previously from Newfoundland. Cellulose acetate electrophoresis could prove invaluable for taxonomic identification of isolates of steinernematids, provided that a combination of enzymes is used..

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