Adenosine A1 receptor activation preferentially ...

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Title Adenosine A1 receptor activation preferentially protects cultured cerebellar neurons versus astrocytes against hypoxia-induced death
Author(s) M. Logan, Marva I. Sweeney-Nixon
Journal Molecular and Chemical Neuropathology / Sponsored by the International Society for Neurochemistry and the World Federation of Neurology and Research Groups on Neurochemistry and Cerebrospinal Fluid
Date 1997
Volume 31
Issue 2
Start page 119
End page 133
Abstract Administration of adenosine A1 receptor agonists in vivo is neuroprotective in various stroke models. Experiments using either mixed cultures of neurons and astrocytes or brain slices, in which several cell types are present, have demonstrated that activation of A1 receptors also id protective against hypoxia and/or hypoglycemia in vitro. In this study, we have examined the effect of the A1 agonist cyclopentyladenosine (CPA) on cellular damage, measured by efflux of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), in highly enriched primary cultures of either neurons of astrocytes exposed to different metabolic insults. CPA reduced neuronal LDH release induced by a combination of hypoxia and substrate deprivation ("simulated ischemia"; IC50 = 28 nM) of by hypoxia alone (IC50 = 170 nM). In contrast, CPA had no effect on neuronal damage induced by substrate deprivation alone, not did it affect ischemic death to astrocytes. The neuroprotective effect of CPA during simulated ischemia and hypoxia were reversed by the A1 antagonist 1,3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine (DPCPX). These data demonstrate that activation of an adenosine A1 receptor on neurons, but not astrocytes, is protective against cellular damage of death induced specifically by hypoxia as opposed to other metabolic insults such as hypoglycemia.
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