Laser flash photolysis studies of nitrogen ylides ...

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Title Laser flash photolysis studies of nitrogen ylides generated by the reaction of arylchlorocarbenes with substituted vinylpyridines and 1-azabuta-1,3-dienes
Author(s) R. Bonneau, Y. N. Romashin, Michael T. H. Liu
Journal Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A-Chemistry
Date 1999
Volume 126
Issue 1-3
Start page 31
End page 36
Abstract Laser Flash Photolysis of arylchlorodiazirines in isooctane/CH2Cl2 in the presence of substituted vinylpyridines yields substituted vinylpyridinium ylide (lambda = 540 nm). As the ylide decays a concomitant growth causes an absorption at 330 nm, attributed to the formation of substituted indolizine. The reaction experiences the intramolecular 1,5-cyclization of the ylide intermediate. The kinetic parameters for the ylide formation and the 1,5-cyclization have been obtained. The activation energy for the latter process is reduced by 3-4 kcal mol(-1) when the vinylpyridine has a phenyl ring as a substituent in beta-position of the ethylenic group. Laser Flash Photolysis of phenylchlorodiazirine in isooctane in the presence of 1-azabuta-1,3-diene yields azomethine ylide (lambda = 550 nm) as an intermediate. The kinetic parameters for the ylide formations and further intramolecular 1,5-cyclization to pyrrole have been determined. The results resemble those obtained for the 1,5-cyclization of vinylpyridinium ylide. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.

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