Model dialkyl peroxides of the Fenton mechanistic ...

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Title Model dialkyl peroxides of the Fenton mechanistic probe 2-methyl-1-phenyl-2-propyl hydroperoxide (MPPH): kinetic probes for dissociative electron transfer
Author(s) D. C. Magri, M. S. Workentin
Journal Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Date 2003
Volume 1
Issue 19
Start page 3418
End page 3429
Abstract Two dialkyl peroxides, devised as kinetic probes for the heterogeneous electron transfer (ET), are studied using heterogeneous and homogeneous electrochemical techniques. The peroxides react by concerted dissociative ET reduction of the O-O bond. Under heterogeneous conditions, the only products isolated are the corresponding alcohols from a two-electron reduction as has been observed with other dialkyl peroxides studied to date. However, under homogeneous conditions, a generated alkoxyl radical undergoes a rapid beta-scission fragmentation in competition with the second ET resulting in formation of acetone and a benzyl radical. With knowledge of the rate constant for fragmentation and accounting for the diffuse double layer at the electrode interface, the heterogeneous ET rate constant to the alkoxyl radicals is estimated to be 1500 cm s(-1). The heterogeneous and homogeneous ET kinetics of the O-O bond cleavage have also been measured and examined as a function of the driving force for ET, DeltaG(ET), using dissociative electron transfer theory. From both sets of kinetics, besides the evaluation of thermochemical parameters, it is demonstrated that the heterogeneous and homogeneous reduction of the O-O bond appears to be non-adiabatic.
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