The effects of acute temperature change on smooth ...

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Title The effects of acute temperature change on smooth muscle contractility of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) intestine
Author(s) John F. Burka, H. A. Briand, L. M. Purcell, W. P. Ireland
Journal Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Date 1993
Volume 12
Issue 1
Start page 53
End page 60
Abstract The effects of altered temperature in vivo on in vitro smooth muscle contractility of rainbow trout intestine were investigated. Initial analysis of the data revealed a seasonal variation in the maximal tension of intestinal smooth muscle attainable with 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin), carbachol, KCl, and transmural stimulation in vitro. Peaks occurred in spring and troughs in autumn. There was no seasonal cycling of the potency of the stimulants. All data regarding the efficacy of the stimulants were subsequently corrected for seasonal variation. The response of smooth muscle depends on the temperature of the water in which the fish are placed (2-degrees-C-20-degrees-C). There was a marked linear increase in efficacy and a slight increase in potency of the stimulants with increasing temperature. Changes in responsiveness of the intestinal smooth muscle occurred within 30 min of moving the fish between tanks. Smooth muscle reactivity returned to pretreatment values by 48h. Any changes in responsiveness with regards to time were unlikely to be as a consequence of water temperature, but may have been a result of handling stress.

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