Effects of cromakalim on neurally-mediated responses ...
|Title||Effects of cromakalim on neurally-mediated responses of guinea-pig tracheal smooth muscle|
|Author(s)||John F. Burka, J. L. Berry, R. W. Foster, R. C. Small, A. J. Watt|
|Journal||British Journal of Pharmacology|
|Abstract||1. The ability of cromakalim to modulate several different types of neuroeffector transmission has been assessed in guinea-pig isolated trachea. 2. In trachea treated with propranolol (10(-6) M) and indomethacin (2.8 x 10(-6) M), stimulation of the extrinsic vagal nerves evoked contractions which were blocked by hexamethonium (5 x 10(-4) M) or by tetrodotoxin (TTX; 10(-6) M). Cromakalim (10(-5) M) caused a two fold rightward shift of the frequency-response curve. 3. In carinal trachea treated with propranolol and indomethacin, transmural stimulation evoked an initial, rapid contraction followed by a more sustained secondary contraction. The initial, rapid contractile response was virtually ablated by atropine (10(-6) M) or by TTX but was resistant to hexamethonium. Cromakalim (10(-8)-10(-5) M) caused a concentration-dependent rightward shift of the frequency-response curve for the initial contraction. 4. In carinal trachea treated with atropine, propranolol and indomethacin, transmural stimulation evoked only the secondary (non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC] contractile responses. These were markedly reduced by TTX but were resistant to hexamethonium. Cromakalim (10(-8)-10(-5) M) suppressed the NANC contractile responses in a concentration-dependent manner. This action could be offset by glibenclamide (10(-6) M). 5. In trachea treated with atropine, histamine (10(-4) M), propranolol and indomethacin, transmural stimulation evoked NANC relaxant responses. Cromakalim (up to 10(-5) M) was without effect on the frequency-response curve for the stimulation of NANC inhibitory nerves. 6. Tested on trachea bathed by drug-free Krebs solution, cromakalim (10(-7)-10(-5) M) caused concentration-dependent suppression of tracheal tone.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)|
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