Urinary eCG patterns in the mare during pregnancy

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Title Urinary eCG patterns in the mare during pregnancy
Author(s) J. F. Roser, Robert M. Lofstedt
Journal Theriogenology
Date 1989
Volume 32
Issue 4
Start page 607
End page 622
Abstract Blood and urine samples collected from 12 mares at frequent intervals from 25 to 210 d of pregnancy were analyzed for equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG). Blood and urine samples were collected daily through two consecutive ovulatory periods from five cyclic mares for comparative purposes. Separate radioimmunoassays (RIA) were developed to detect eCG in the urine and plasma. A simple and quick commercial dipstick enzyme-linked immunospecific assay (ELISA), developed for eCG in the blood, was also utilized in this study to detect eCG in the urine. In the 12 pregnant mares, eCG concentrations in both the plasma and urine as detected by RIA rose significantly on Day 40, peaked by Day 60 and slowly dropped to low levels by Day 200. The dipstick ELISA appeared more reliable for eCG in the plasma than in the urine of the five pregnant mares tested. However, on peak days (50 to 60), both the plasma and urine tested positive in all five mares. Similar eCG profiles were observed when urine samples from seven of the mares were assayed in the dipstick ELISA and RIA. The highest percentage of mares (86%) were positive for eCG by ELISA between Days 65 and 85. The highest concentration of eCG in the urine as detected by RIA was observed between Days 55 and 90. ECG-like immunoactivity was not detected by the ELISA in the urine of cyclic mares, but the RIA showed variable patterns with increases in immunoactivity that could not be correlated with physiological events. In summary, eCG in urine follows a similar profile as the eCG in plasma of mares during their first trimester of pregnancy.

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