Management factors affecting stereotypies and body ...

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Title Management factors affecting stereotypies and body condition score in nonracing horses in Prince Edward Island
Author(s) J. L. Christie, C. J. Hewson, Christopher B. Riley, Mary A. McNiven, Ian R. Dohoo, Lius A. Bate
Journal The Canadian Veterinary Journal. La Revue Veterinaire Canadienne
Date 2006
Volume 47
Issue 2
Start page 136
End page 143
Abstract In North America, there are few representative data about the effects of management practices on equine welfare. In a randomized survey of 312 nonracing horses in Prince Edward Island (response rate 68.4%), owners completed a pretested questionnaire and a veterinarian examined each horse. Regression analyses identified factors affecting 2 welfare markers: body condition score (BCS) and stereotypic behavior. Horses' BCSs were high (mean 5.7, on a 9-point scale) and were associated with sex (males had lower BCSs than females; P < 0.001) and examination date (P = 0.052). Prevalences of crib biting, wind sucking, and weaving were 3.8%, 3.8%, and 4.8%, respectively. Age (OR = 1.07, P = 0.08) and hours worked weekly (OR = 1.12, P = 0.03) were risk factors for weaving. Straw bedding (OR = 0.3, P = 0.03), daily hours at pasture (OR = 0.94, P = 0.02), and horse type (drafts and miniatures had a lower risk than light horses; P = 0.12) reduced the risk of horses showing oral stereotypies. Some of these results contradict those of other studies perhaps because of populations concerned.
PubMed Central ID PMC1345728

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