Effects of immunological sensitization on the ...

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Title Effects of immunological sensitization on the responses and sensitivity of guinea pig airways to bronchoconstrictors. Modulation by selective inhibition of arachidonic acid metabolism
Author(s) M. H. Saad, John F. Burka
Journal Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Date 1983
Volume 61
Issue 8
Start page 876
End page 887
Abstract The force generated by tracheal spirals and lung parenchymal strips from normal and ovalbumin-sensitized guinea pigs was measured in vitro, after challenge with histamine, carbachol, leukotriene (LT) C4, LTD4, or a prostaglandin endoperoxide analog (U-44069). The responses and sensitivity of airway tissues to the above agonists were identical in normal and sensitized animals. Treatment of tracheal spirals with indomethacin (8.5 microM), phenidone (185 microM), and nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA: 30 microM) reduced resting tension (tone) equally in both normal and sensitized trachea, but did not affect lung parenchymal strips from either group. The responses of tracheal spirals from normal and sensitized animals to low concentrations of histamine, carbachol, LTC4, and LTD4 were reduced or abolished by treatment with the above inhibitors. Responses to higher concentrations of the same agonists were significantly enhanced. In contrast, treatment of normal and sensitized trachea with indomethacin (2.8 and 8.5 microM) did not abolish or reduce the effects of low concentrations of U-44069. However, an enhancement of the effect of high concentrations occurred only on normal tracheal spirals, even though the control tissues from each group responded identically with U-44069 in the absence of any inhibitor. Parenchymal strips increased in sensitivity to histamine, but not carbachol, as a result of time, vehicle, or prior exposure to the drug. Inhibitor treatment did not affect sensitivity or responsiveness of parenchyma to histamine, carbachol, and U-44069, but the contractile activity of LTD4 on both normal and sensitized lung parenchymal strips was reduced by indomethacin, NDGA, and phenidone. We conclude that ovalbumin sensitization does not induce hyperreactivity of guinea pig airways.

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