Studies on the role of arachidonic acid metabolites ...

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Title Studies on the role of arachidonic acid metabolites in airways contraction induced in vitro by antigen and calcium ionophore A23187
Author(s) John F. Burka
Journal Agents and Actions
Date 1983
Volume 13
Issue 4
Start page 318
End page 326
Abstract The effects of inhibitors of the cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism were studied on the contractions of guinea pig tracheal spirals and lung parenchymal strips induced by antigen and calcium ionophore A23187. Inhibition of the cyclooxygenase pathway with indomethacin results in enhancement of antigen- and A23187-induced contraction of trachea which is a result of diversion of AA into the lipoxygenase pathway and inhibition of modulatory cyclooxygenase products. Indomethacin does not enhance parenchymal contractions but partly inhibits contraction induced by a strong stimulus (5.7 microM A23187 or 100 micrograms/ml ovalbumin). Parenchymal contraction is inhibited by agents that block the lipoxygenase pathway of AA metabolism, phenidone and nordihydroguaiaretic acid. These agents inhibit the prolonged phase of antigen-induced tracheal contraction but in some cases enhance the early phase of tracheal contraction induced by antigen or A23187. The results suggest that contraction of parenchyma induced by antigen or A23187 are the result of a bronchoconstrictor lipoxygenase product and only have a cyclooxygenase bronchoconstrictor component following a strong stimulus. In contrast, contraction of trachea also appears to be the result of a bronchoconstrictor lipoxygenase product which may not be identical to that contracting parenchyma, and is modulated by cyclooxygenase products. The results emphasize the importance of comparing small and large airways to further our understanding of asthmatic broncho-constriction.

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